بررسی تأثیر تعارض زناشویی بر نگرانی های دوران بارداری: نقش میانجی بهزیستی روان‌شناختی

نوع مقاله : پژوهش کمی

نویسندگان

1 دکترای روانشناسی تخصصی، گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

2 استاد ممتاز گروه روان شناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران.

3 کارشناس ارشد مشاوره خانواده، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

4 کارشناس ارشد روان شناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان شناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران.

چکیده

درگیر شدن در تعارض و اختلافات زناشویی در دوران پر تنیدگی بارداری، دارای اثرات فراوانی است که می­توان با گسترش بهزیستی روان‌شناختی زنان باردار، آن‌ها را در برابر تنش­های روانی پایدار کرد، ازاین‌روی هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی تأثیر تعارض زناشویی بر نگرانی­های دوران بارداری با نقش میانجی گر بهزیستی روان‌شناختی بود. پژوهش حاضر توصیفی و از نوع همبستگی بود. جامعه آماری همه زنان باردار 18-40 ساله مراجعه­کننده به دفتر پزشک کارآزمودگان زنان و زایمان، بیمارستان­ها و مراکز بهداشت شهر مشهد در نیمه نخست سال 99-98 بود؛ نمونه آماری شمار 150 زن باردار است که به روش نمونه­گیری در دسترس و بر پایه جدول مورگان انتخاب‌شده و موردبررسی قرار گرفتند. برای جمع­آوری داده­ها از پرسشنامه استاندارد تعارضات زناشویی بازنگری شده- ۵۴ پرسشی (1388)، پرسشنامه نگرانی­های دوره بارداری (آلدرسی و لین، ۲۰۱۱) و همچنین پرسشنامه بهزیستی روان‌شناختی (ریف، ۲۰۰۲) استفاده شد. داده­های جمع‌آوری‌شده، با به‌کارگیری مدل­یابی معادلات ساختاری (SEM) به‌وسیله نرم‌افزار Spss23 و Lisrel 8.8 تجزیه‌وتحلیل شد.  نتایج نشان داد با توجه مقادیر ضریب مسیر و T، تعارض زناشویی بر نگرانی دوران بارداری اثر مستقیم و معنادار دارد (68/0 و 48/7=T)؛ به‌عبارت‌دیگر هرچقدر تعارض زناشویی بالا رود نگرانی هم بالا می­رود (01/0>P). از سویی نتایج پژوهش نشان­ داد تعارض با بهزیستی روان‌شناختی اثر معکوس دارد (69/0- و 82/7-=T)؛ یعنی هرچقدر تعارض بالا رود بهزیستی روان‌شناختی پایین می­آید. با توجه به نتایج پژوهش می­توان گفت که تعارض زناشویی افزون بر اینکه می­تواند عامل خطری برای نگرانی­های دوران بارداری باشند، می­تواند از راه بهزیستی روان‌شناختی اثر غیرمستقیمی بر تراز نگرانی­های دوران بارداری بگذارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Impact of Marital Conflict on Prenatal Concerns: The Mediating Role of Psychological Well-Being

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sanaz Eyni 1
  • Mohammad Narimani 2
  • Soghra Saadatmand 3
  • Matineh Ebadi 4
1 PhD of psychology., Department of Psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of MohagheghArdabili, Ardebil, Iran
2 Distinguished Profess‌or of Psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
3 MA in Family Counseling, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
4 MA in General Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
چکیده [English]

Having marital conflict during a stressful pregnancy has significant effects that can be made resistant to psychological stress by expanding the psychological well-being of pregnant women, so this study aimed to investigate the effect of marital conflict on prenatal concerns with the mediating role of psychological well-being.  The method of the present study was descriptive - correlational. The statistical population of the study was all pregnant women aged 18-40 years in Mashhad who referred to office gynecology, hospitals, and health centers in the first half of 2019-2020. The statistical sample consisted of 150 pregnant women who selected and investigated via a convenient sampling method and according to Morgan's table. To collect the data, the Revised Marital Conflicts Standard Questionnaire- 54-questions (2009), Prenatal Concerns Questionnaire (Alderdice and Lynn, 2011), and Psychological Well-being Questionnaire (Ryff, 2002) were used. The collected data analyzed by Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) using SPSS  and Lisrel software. The results showed that according to the values ​​of the path coefficient and T, the marital conflict has a direct and significant effect on prenatal concerns (T = 7.48 and T = 0.68). In other words, the higher the level of marital conflict, the higher the concerns (P <0.01); moreover, the finding of this research showed that conflict with psychological well-being has the opposite effect (T= 7.82 and T= -0.69).  That is, the higher the conflict, the lower the level of psychological well-being. According to the results of the study, it can be said that marital conflict, in addition to being a risk factor for prenatal concerns, can indirectly affect the level of prenatal concerns through psychological well-being.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • concern
  • marital conflict
  • psychological well-being
  • pregnancy
 
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