مقایسۀ اثربخشی درمان بافت نگر انصاف محور و درمان هیجان مدار بر کیفیت و تعارضات زناشویی

نوع مقاله : پژوهش کاربردی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری تخصصی مشاوره، گروه مشاوره، دانشکده روان شناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

2 هیات علمی گروه مشاوره، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی- اردبیل - ایران

3 دانشیار، گروه مشاوره، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران.

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر مقایسه اثربخشی تأثیر دو رویکرد درمانی بافت نگر انصاف محور (مبتنی بر نظریه بوزورمنی-نایج) و روش درمان هیجان مدار برافزایش کیفیت و کاهش تعارضات زناشویی زوج‌ها بود. روش این پژوهش از نوع شبه آزمایشی با طرح پیش آزمون ـ پس آزمون، با گروه کنترل و پیگیری سه‌ماهه بود. جامعه آماری شامل همه زوج‌هایی بود که در سال 1398- 1397 به دفتر مشاوره و خدمات روان‌شناختی خصوصی زیر نظر سازمان نظام روانشناسی و مشاوره در شهر ارومیه مراجعه داشتند از میان مراجعه‌کنندگان تعداد 24 زوج پس از همتاسازی آزمودنی‌ها، به شیوه هدفمند انتخاب و به‌صورت تصادفی به دو گروه آزمایشی و یک گروه کنترل گمارش شدند. پرسشنامه‌های استفاده‌شده در این تحقیق شامل مقیاس کیفیت زناشویی فرم تجدیدنظر شده (Busby, Christensen, Crane, & Larson, 1995) و پرسشنامه تعارضات زناشویی تجدیدنظر شده (sanai zaker, Barati, & Bustani pour, 2008)بود. برای تحلیل داده‌ها و فرضیه‌ها از روش آزمون آماری «تحلیل واریانس اندازه‌گیری مکرر» و نرم‌افزار SPSS استفاده گردید. یافته‌ها نشان داد اثربخشی رویکرد هیجان مدار در کاهش «تعارضات زناشویی»، به‌صورت معنی‌داری (001/p <) بیشتر از درمان بافت نگر انصاف محور است. همچنین میان دو رویکرد برافزایش «کیفیت زناشویی» تفاوت معنادار مشاهده نشد اما باگذشت زمان اثربخشی رویکرد بافت نگر نسبت به رویکرد هیجان مدار در «کیفیت زناشویی» ثبات و پایداری بیشتری دارد؛ بنابراین می‌توان نتیجه گرفت ازآنجاکه متغیر تعارضات زناشویی ازنظر تئوری، وابستگی زیادی به نظریه دل‌بستگی و هیجانات دارند لذا رویکرد هیجان مدار اثربخشی مؤثرتری در این متغیر نشان داده است و ازآنجاکه در درازمدت حس عدالت و انصاف در رابطه منجر به بهبودی پایدار کارکردهای خانواده می‌گردد رویکرد بافت نگر در متغیر کیفیت زناشویی ثبات درمانی بهتری نشان داده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of the Effectiveness of Contextual Therapy Fair- Centered and Emotion-Focused Therapy on the Marital Quality and Marital Conflict

نویسندگان [English]

  • Aydin Sanamnejad 1
  • Hossein Ghamari Givi 2
  • Ali Sheykholeslami 3
  • Ali Rezaii Sharif 3
1 Ph.D. of counseling, Department of counseling, Faculty of Education and psychology, Mohaghegh Ardebily University, Ardebil, Iran
2 Professor, Department of Counseling, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Mohaghegh Ardebily University, Ardabili, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Counseling, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
چکیده [English]

This study aimed to compare and evaluate the effectiveness of Contextual Therapy fair- centered (CT) (based on Iván Böszörményi-Nagy theory) and Emotion-Focused Therapy (EFT) on increasing Marital Quality and Reducing Marital Conflict among couples with marital Conflict. The method was semi-experimental with a pretest-posttest design with a control group. The statistical population included all couples who in 2017-2018 referred to the private office of counseling and psychological services in the city of Urmia. Among them, 24 couples were purposefully selected and randomly assigned to three groups, two experimental and one control group. The questionnaires included the Revised Dyadic Adjustment Scale (Busby, Christensen, Crane, & Larson, 1995), and the Revised Marital Conflict Questionnaire (Sanai Zaker, Barati, & Bustani pour, 2008). To analyze the data and hypotheses, the statistical test method of "repeated measurement variance analysis" and SPSS software were used. there is a significant difference (p < 0.001) between the effectiveness of the two approaches in reducing Marital Conflict and the effectiveness of the Emotion-Focused approach is significantly more than Contextual Therapy. The results also showed that there is no significant difference between the two approaches in increasing Marital Quality, but over time, the effectiveness of the Contextual Therapy approach to the Emotion-Focused approach in "marital Quality" is more stable. Because marital Conflict is theoretically highly dependent on attachment and emotion theory, therefore, the Emotion-Focused approach is more effective in this variable. And because in the long run, a sense of justice and fairness in a relationship leads to a steady improvement in family functioning, the Contextual approach has shown better therapeutic stability in the marital Quality than the Emotion-Focused approach.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Contextual fair- Centered Therapy
  • Emotion-Focused Therapy
  • marital quality
  • Marital Conflicts
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