نمود شناسی کشش زناشویی در میان همسرهای ایرانی: یک پژوهش کیفی

نوع مقاله : کیفی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه شهید مدنی آذربایجان، تبریز، ایران

2 استاد گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

4 دانشیار گروه مشاوره، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

وجود کشش در رابطه زناشویی جهت ایجاد علاقه میان همسران ضروری است. افراد و گروه‌های گوناگون احتمالاً کشش را به شیوه‌های گوناگونی درک و تفسیر می‌کنند. هدف این پژوهش نمودشناسی کشش زناشویی در میان زوج‌های ایرانی با رویکرد کیفی بود. شرکت‎کنندگان 17 نفر از زنان و مردان ایرانی دارای تجربه زندگی مشترک با همسر به روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند با بیشترین گوناگونی انتخاب شدند. داده‏ها از طریق مصاحبه‌های نیمه ساخت‌یافته، با پرسیدن پرسش‌های باز درباره اهداف پژوهش گردآوری شد. داده‌ها با روش تحلیل درون‌مایه کیفی سنتی تحلیل شد. بر پایه برآیندها، شرکت‎کنندگان در پژوهش کشش زناشویی را همچون دوست‌داشتنی بودن و خوشایندی رابطه زناشویی ادراک می‌کنند و کشش زناشویی دربرگیرنده دو مقوله اصلی کشش همسر (دربرگیرنده مؤلفه‌های کشش ظاهری، عاطفی، رفتاری، فکری، اخلاقی و اجتماعی) و کشش رابطه همسری (دربرگیرنده مؤلفه‌های پایداری، لذت، خوشنودی، آرامش و شادی) بود. بررسی مفهوم کشش زناشویی در بافت‌های فرهنگی دیگر و فرآوری ابزار برای سنجش آن و توجه به ابعاد مفهومی کشش زناشویی در آموزش، ارزیابی، مشاوره و درمان زناشویی، پیشنهاد گردید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Phenomenology of Marital Attraction among Iranian Spouses: A Qualitative Study

نویسندگان [English]

  • Kobra Namvaran Germi 1
  • Alireza Moradi 2
  • Valiollah Farzad 3
  • Kianoush Zahrakar 4
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran
2 Professor, Department of Psychology, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
4 Associate Professor, Department of Counseling, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background: Attraction in the marital relationship is necessary to create interest between spouses. Different individuals and groups probably perceive and interpret marital attraction in different ways. Objective: The objective of this research was the phenomenology of marital attraction among Iranian spouses using a qualitative. Method: The participants were 17 Iranian women and men who had the experience of common-life with their spouses by purposive sampling with maximum variation (2016-2017). The data were gathered through semi-structured interviews by asking open questions about the research goals. The data were analyzed through Conventional Qualitative Content Analysis. Findings: According to the findings, the participants perceive marital attraction as a lovable and pleasant marital relationship. Marital attraction involves two main categories: attraction of spouse (including appearance, emotional, behavioral, intellectual, moral, and social attraction) and attraction of marital relationship (including consistency, joy, satisfaction, tranquility, and happiness). Conclusion: Studying the concept of marital attraction in other cultural contexts, providing an instrument for its assessment, using marital attraction conceptual dimensions in marital training, evaluating, counseling, and therapy, were suggested.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Phenomenology
  • marital attractiveness
  • spouses
  • Iranian spouses
  • qualitative research
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