تأثیر تنیدگی های عمودی و افقی خانواده های گسسته بر نشانه های مرضی روانی برآمده از گسترش اخبار کووید-19: یک پژوهش کیفی

نوع مقاله : پژوهش کیفی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز ، ایران .

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی عمومی، دانشکده علوم انسانی و اجتماعی، دانشگاه اردکان، اردکان، ایران.

چکیده

گسترش اخبار کووید-19، تنیدگی غیرمنتظره­ای را در همه جنبه­های جامعه به وجود آورده و چه‌بسا در بسیاری از نقاط جهان اختلالات مربوط به تنیدگی را افزایش خواهد داد. با توجه به شکاف­های پژوهشی در صورت عدم توجه به این چالش بی­سابقه، جهان با مشکلات بسیار جدی رویارو خواهد شد. ازاین‌روی پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی تأثیر تنیدگی­های عمودی و افقی خانواده­های گسسته بر  نشانه‌های مرضی روانی  برآمده از گسترش اخبار کووید-19 انجام شد. جامعه پژوهش دربرگیرنده همه دانشجویان دانشگاه تبریز در سال تحصیلی 1398-1399 بود؛ که به‌منظور انجام این پژوهش کیفی، 12 خانواده گسسته به شیوه نمونه­گیری هدفمند انتخاب شدند. جهت غربالگری از سنجه انطباق‌پذیری و همبستگی خانواده  استفاده شد. روش اصلی جمع­آوری داده­ها، مصاحبه­های نیمه­ساختارمند با سؤالات باز بود و داده­ها با روشSmith (1995) مورد تجزیه‌وتحلیل قرار گرفتند. صحت و اعتبار پژوهش حاضر ریشه در چهار محور «باورپذیری، انتقال­پذیری، تصدیق پذیری و اطمینان­پذیری» داشت. یافته­های برآمده از تجربیات خانواده­ها در پنج مضمون اصلی «عوامل تنش­زا در دوره قرنطینه خانگی»، «سازوکار توزیع مسئولیت»، «سازوکار حمایت خانواده»، «مشکلات انطباقی» و « نشانه‌های مرضی روانی » و چندین مضمون فرعی خلاصه شد. به‌طورکلی نتایج نشان داد، برخی از عوامل خانواده­های گسسته مانند سازوکار توزیع مسئولیت و حمایت خانوادگی ناسازگار، آن‌ها را هنگامی‌که تنیدگی­های افقی (وجود بیماری­های زمینه­ای در افراد خانواده­، مشکلات تحصیلی و مشکلات شغلی) و تنیدگی­های عمودی (گسترش اخبار کووید-19 و بحران اقتصادی جامعه) به‌صورت هم‌زمان رخ‌داده بود، با تنیدگی مضاعف روبرو کرده و در چنین خانواده­هایی نشانه­هایی از آسیب­شناسی روانی (ایجاد، عود و تشدید) و مشکلات انطباقی (خانوادگی) وجود داشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Vertical and Horizontal Stresses of Disengaged Families on the Psychopathological Symptoms Resulting from the Spread of Covid-19 News: A Qualitative Study

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Gharadaghi 1
  • Sepideh Masoumi Ala 2
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.
2 Sepideh Masoumi Ala MA student of General Psychology, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Ardakan University, Ardakan, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The news of Covid-19 has caused unexpected stress in all aspects of society and is likely to increase stress-related disorders in many parts of the world. If this unprecedented challenge is neglected, the world will face serious problems. Therefore, this study aimed to qualitatively study the effect of vertical and horizontal stresses of disengaged families on the Psychopathological symptoms of the news of Covid-19. The study population included all students of Tabriz University in the academic year 2020-2021. To conduct this qualitative research, among the students, 12 Disengaged families were selected by the targeted sampling method. The Family Adaptability and Correlation Scale were used for screening. The main method of data collection was semi-structured interviews with open-ended questions and the data were analyzed by the Smith (1995) method. The accuracy and validity of the present study were rooted in the four axes of "Reliability, Transferability, Certification, and Reliability”. Findings from the experiences of families in the five main themes of "Stressors in the home quarantine period", "Responsibility distribution mechanism", "Family support mechanism", "Adaptive problems" and "Psychopathological symptoms" and several subs were summarized. In general, the results showed that some factors of disengaged families, such as the incompatible mechanism of responsibility distribution and family support, cause them when horizontal stress (presence of underlying diseases in family members, educational problems, and Occupational problems) and vertical stress (the news of Covid-19 and the economic crisis of society) occurred simultaneously, faced with double psychological stress, and in such families showed Psychopathological symptoms and They had adaptation problems.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • vertical stress
  • horizontal stress
  • disengaged families
  • symptoms of psychopathology
  • news of covid-19
 
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