اعتباریابی زوج محور مدل پیشنهادی نسخه پنجم راهنمای تشخیصی و آماری اختلالات روانی برای اختلالات شخصیت: طرح خود- همسر گزارش دهی

نوع مقاله : اصیل

نویسنده

گروه روان شناسی، دانشگاه کردستان، سنندج، ایران

چکیده

در صورت تائید نهایی مدل پیشنهادی نسخه پنجم راهنمای تشخیصی و آماری اختلالات روانی (DSM-5) برای تشخیص اختلالات شخــصیت، کاربرد آن در مراکز مشاوره و روان­درمانی خانواده، به‌منظور سنجش آسیب­شناسی شخصیت زوجین، لازم و مفید به نظر می­رسد. پژوهش­های قبلی از طریق همخوانی خود-همسرگزارش­دهی، اعتبار صفات مرضی این مدل را بررسی و تائید کرده­اند. در حالی که این نوع اعتباربخشی برای هیچ‌یک از دو ملاک کارکرد شخصیت (ملاک الف) و صفات مرضی (ملاک ب) در جامعه ایرانی انجام‌نشده است. در این راستا، پژوهش حاضر با هدف آشکار ساختن تراز همخوانی میان خود-گزارش­دهی و همسر-گزارش­دهی کارکرد و صفات مرضی شخصیت انجام گرفت. روش پژوهش همبستگی و طرح خود-همسرگزارش­دهی بوده است، با به‌کارگیری روش نمونه‌گیری واسطه­ای (شبکه­ای)، 90 زوج داوطلب، با حداکثر 10 سال سابقه ازدواج، شناسایی شدند. هر یک از این افراد به دو صورت خودگزارشی و همسرگزارشی به نسخه­ آنلاین مقیاس سطوح کارکرد شخصیت (Morey, 2017) و فرم کوتاه سیاهه شخصیت (Krueger, et al., 2013) پاسخ دادند. یافته‌های آماری حاکی از مقادیر همبستگی معنادار (01/0 > p) در سنجش خود-همسرگزارش­دهی کارکرد و صفات مرضی شخصیت بوده و نشانگر شاخص شباهت واقعی، شاخص شباهت مفروض و شاخص همخوانی بسیار خوب در این دو سنجه بوده­اند. به‌طور کلی یافته­های پژوهش حاضر، اعتبار این دو ملاک را در سنجش آسیب‌شناسی شخصیت زوجین نشان داده و کاربردپذیری آن‌ها را در زوج­درمانی و مشاوره پیش از ازدواج تائید نموده­­اند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Couple-Based Validation of the DSM-5 Alternative Model for Personality Disorder: Self and Spousal Report

نویسنده [English]

  • Azad Hemmati
Department of Psychology, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran
چکیده [English]

If the DSM-5 alternative model for personality disorder (AMPD) is finally approved, its utility to assess the pathology of the couples' personality seems necessary and useful. Previous studies have verified the validity of the criterion B of this model through self and spousal reports. Whereas, this type of validation has not been done for either of the two criteria A and B, in an Iranian community sample. In this regard, the present study was conducted to examine the agreement between self- and spouse-reporting of personality functioning and pathological traits. The research method was correlation. Through a self-spousal reporting design, 90 volunteer couples with a maximum of 10 years of marriage history, were identified using network-sampling method. Each of the participants responded to the online version of the Persian translated of the level of personality functioning scale (LPFS; Morey, 2017) and the brief form of the personality inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5-BF; Krueger, et al., 2013). The results showed significant correlations (p <0.01) for all the type of standards, which the good to excellent actual similarity, assumed similarity and self-spousal agreement indices can be concluded for both of measures. In general, the present study showed the validity of these two criteria in assessing the pathology of the couple's personality and confirmed their utility for couple therapy and premarital counseling aims.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • self and spousal report assessment
  • DSM-5 alternative model for personality disorder
  • personality functioning
  • pathological traits
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