بررسی ابعاد هیجانی و روان‌شناختی آسیب‌های دوران کودکی در مردان و زنان دارای پیشینه خیانت زناشویی

نوع مقاله : پژوهش کیفی

نویسندگان

1 گروه مشاوره، دانشکده علوم انسانی و اجتماعی، دانشگاه اردکان، اردکان، ایران

2 گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم انسانی و اجتماعی، دانشگاه اردکان، اردکان، ایران

چکیده

برای خیانت زناشویی می‌توان دلایل فراوانی برشمرد که آسیب‌های دوران کودکی می‌تواند یکی از آن‌ها باشد. هدف پژوهش حاضر آشکار ساختن ابعاد هیجانی و روان‌شناختی آسیب‌های دوران کودکی در مردان و زنان دارای پیشینه خیانت زناشویی بود. این پژوهش از نوع پژوهش‌های کیفی بود که با به‌کارگیری مصاحبه عمیق نیمه ساختاریافته در 12 نفر (7 زن و 5 مرد) از افراد دارای پیشینه خیانت زناشویی انجام شد. این افراد در سال 1397 به دلیل خیانت زناشویی به مراکز مشاوره شهرستان لارستان، استان فارس، مراجعه کرده بودند، خیانت حداقل شش ماه طول کشیده و به تأیید مراجع و مشاور رسیده بود. شرکت‌کنندگان به‌صورت نمونه‌گیری هدفمند انتخاب شدند و نمونه‌گیری تا جایی ادامه یافت که پاسخ‌های شرکت‌کنندگان به حالت اشباع برسد. داده‌ها با به‌کارگیری شیوه کیفی نظریه زمینه‌ای تحلیل شد. نتایج نشان داد که افراد دارای پیشینه خیانت زناشویی در دوران کودکی خود دچار آسیب‌های هیجانی و روان‌شناختی همچون محرومیت، درماندگی، گسستگی هیجانی، شکاف میان نسلی و تمرکز بیرون از خانواده والدین شده بودند. بررسی روند مصاحبه‌ها نشان داد که این آسیب‌ها مشکلاتی را برای افراد در کودکی و بزرگ‌سالی و در زمینه‌های گوناگون زندگی (تحصیلی، اقتصادی، اجتماعی، نوجوانی، شغل و کار وزندگی زناشویی) به وجود می‌آورند. بر پایه این یافته‌ها و همچنین الگوی پارادایمی برآمده از آن‌ها می‌توان جهت شناسایی و همچنین پیشگیری از آسیب‌هایی که می­تواند در خانواده منجر به خیانت شوند، اقدامات لازم را انجام داد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Emotional and Psychological Dimensions of Childhood Trauma in Men and Women who have Marital Infidelity

نویسندگان [English]

  • Safia Azizpour 1
  • Yasser Rezapour Mirsaleh 1
  • shokoufeh mottaghi 2
1 Department of Counseling, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Ardakan University, Ardakan, Iran
2 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Ardakan University, Ardakan, Iran
چکیده [English]

There are many causes for marital infidelity, one of which can be childhood traumas. The purpose of this study was to determine the emotional and psychological dimensions of childhood trauma in men and women who have marital infidelity. This study was a qualitative study using semi-structured in-depth interviews with 12 individuals (7 females and 5 males) who have marital infidelity. The participants had referred to the counseling centers of Larestan city, Fars province, in 2018 due to marital infidelity. The infidelity lasted for at least six months and had been approved by the participants and the counselor. The subjects were selected by purposive sampling and the sampling continued until participants' responses were saturated. Analysis of the present data from the interviews was also conducted using the qualitative theory of the underlying theory. Interview analysis results showed that individuals who have marital infidelity had serious emotional and psychological damage in their childhood, including deprivation, helplessness, emotional breakdown, intergenerational divide, and centralized parenting. The results of this study showed that these disorders cause problems for people in childhood and adulthood and different fields of life (educational, economic, social, adolescent, occupational, and marital life). These findings, as well as their paradigm shift, can be used to identify as well as prevent the damage that can potentially lead to infidelity in the family.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • emotional
  • psychological
  • childhood trauma
  • marital infidelity
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