پیش‌بینی بی‌رمقی زناشویی بر پایه خود-تمایزیافتگی و باورهای ارتباطی با میانجیگری ساماندهی هیجانی در زنان درخواست‌کننده طلاق

نوع مقاله : اصیل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کاندیدای دکتری مشاوره، گروه مشاوره، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران.

2 دانشجوی دکتری مشاوره، گروه مشاوره، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه خوارزمی. تهران. ایران

3 دانشجوی دکتری مشاوره، گروه مشاوره، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل. ایران.

4 استادیار مشاوره، گروه مشاوره، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

رابطه زناشویی و عوامل مؤثر بر آن نقش برجسته‌ای در خوشنودی زوجین از زندگی مشترک و دوام پیوند زناشویی ایشان دارد، پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی نقش میانجی ساماندهی هیجانی در رابطه میان خود-تمایزیافتگی و باور­های ارتباطی با بی‌رمقی زناشویی زنان انجام شد. روش پژوهش توصیفی و از نوع همبستگی و جامعه‌ی آماری پژوهش حاضر دربرگیرنده همه‌ی زنان درخواست‌کننده طلاق مراجعه‌کننده به دادگاه شهر کرمانشاه در سال 1398 بود که از میان آن‌ها به‌صورت در دسترس 200 نفر به‌عنوان نمونه انتخاب شدند ابزار گردآوری داده­ها در این پژوهش، پرسشنامه خود-تمایزیافتگی Skowron & Friedlander, 1998)( ، پرسشنامه بی‌رمقی زناشویی Pines & Nunes, 2003))، سنجه ساماندهی هیجان (Garnefski, Kraaij & Spinhoven, 2001) و پرسشنامه باورهای ارتباطی Eidelson & Epstein, 1982)) بود. برای تحلیل داده­ها از روش آماری تحلیل مسیر استفاده گردید تا روابط علی میان متغیرها مشخص شود. نتایج نشان داد که متغیرهای مهارت ارتباطی و خود-تمایزیافتگی به‌طور معنادار قادر به پیش‌بینی بی‌رمقی زناشویی بودند. همچنین هیجانات مثبت و منفی نیز به‌طور معنادار قادر به پیش‌بینی بی‌رمقی زناشویی بودند. همچنین یافته­های تحلیل مسیر نشان داد هیجان مثبت و منفی دارای نقش میانجی­گر جزئی در رابطه میان خود-تمایزیافتگی و مهارت ارتباطی با بی‌رمقی زناشویی است. به‌عبارت‌دیگر، نقش میانجی‌گری هیجانات مثبت و منفی مورد تائید قرار گرفت. درمجموع، به نظر می‌رسد بی‌رمقی زناشویی پدیده‌ای است که ضمن درگیر کردن بسیاری از زوج‌ها، از عوامل فراوانی ازجمله خود-تمایزیافتگی، باورهای ارتباطی و ساماندهی هیجان تأثیر می‌پذیرد. بنابراین نیاز است در مداخله­های درمانی، خانواده‌درمانی و آموزش‌های خانواده توجه ویژه­ای به خود-تمایزیافتگی، باورهای ارتباطی و همچنین ساماندهی هیجان صورت پذیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Prediction of Marital Burnout Based on Differentiation of self and Communication Beliefs with mediation Role of Emotional Regulation in Female Applicants for Divorce

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abdolbaset Mahmoudpour 1
  • Tahereh Shiri 2
  • Soleyman Ahmadbokani 3
  • Ebrahim Naeimi 4
1 PhD Candidate of Counseling, Department of Counseling, Faculty of psychology and educational sciences, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran. Iran
2 PhD Student of Counseling, Department of Counseling, Faculty of psychology and educational sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran. Iran.
3 PhD Student of Counseling, Department of Counseling, Faculty of psychology and educational sciences, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
4 Assistant Professor, Department of Counseling, Allameh Tabataba'I University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Marital relationships and their effective factors play an important role in the satisfaction of couples from their common life and their marriages. Therefore, prediction of marital burnout based on differentiation of self and communication beliefs with mediation role of emotional regulation in female applicants for divorce in Kermanshah. The statistical population of this study included all women applying for divorce in Kermanshah city court in Question 2019 out of which 200 selected as available sample. Data collection tools in this study were differentiation of self  Inventory (Skowron & Friedlander, 1998), Marital burnout questionnaire (Pines & Nunes, 2003), Emotional regulation (Garnefski, Kraaij & Spinhoven, 2001), and Communication beliefs questionnaire (Eidelson & Epstein, 1982). To analyze the data, a path analysis statistical method used to determine the causal relationships between the variables. The results showed that communication skills and differentiation of self were significantly able to predict marital distress. Positive and negative emotions were also significantly able to predict marital distress. The results of path analysis also showed that positive and negative emotions play a partial mediating role in the relationship between differentiation of self   and communication skills with marital distress. In other words, the mediating role of positive and negative emotions was confirmed. The results showed that appears to cut the marriage is a complex phenomenon that also affects many couples, many factors, including differentiation of self, beliefs, communication, and emotion regulation is affected. Therefore, it is necessary to pay special attention to differentiation of self, communication beliefs, and emotional regulation in family therapy and family education interventions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Marital Burnout
  • Differentiation of Self
  • communication beliefs
  • emotional regulation
  • divorce
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