اثربخشی بخشایش درمانگری بر طلاق هیجانی همسران خیانت دیده

نوع مقاله : پژوهش کاربردی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد، مشاوره خانواده، دانشگاه پیام نور، واحد ساری.

2 استادیار، گروه مشاوره، دانشگاه پیام نور، واحد ساری، ایران.

3 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی واحد ساری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، ساری، ایران.

چکیده

یکی از روش­های درمانی کارآمد بخشایش درمانگری است که در ادبیات مشاوره و روان‌درمانی کمتر موردتوجه قرارگرفته است. هدف این پژوهش بررسی اثربخشی بخشایش درمانگری بر طلاق هیجانی، همسران خیانت دیده شهرستان نکا بود. این پژوهش یک طرح نیمه آزمایشی با پیش‌آزمون ـ پس‌آزمون گروه گواه با پیگیری بود. جامعه آماری این پژوهش دربرگیرنده همه همسران خیانت دیده مراجعه‌کننده به مراکز مشاوره ندای زندگی و ققنوس شهرستان نکا در سال 1399 که دربرگیرنده 124 نفر بود. از میان آن‌ها 30 نفر انتخاب و به‌طور تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش و گواه گنجانده شدند. شرکت‌کننده‌ها، پرسشنامه طلاق هیجانی Gottman,  Gottman, and Silver (1995)را در سه نوبت (پیش‌آزمون، پس‌آزمون و پیگیری) تکمیل کردند. به گروه آزمایش 7 جلسه آموزش بخشایش درمانگری برای زمانی برابر 120 دقیقه (یک جلسه در هفته) ارائه شد و گروه گواه هیچ آموزشی دریافت نکرد. نتایج آزمون تحلیل کوواریانس نشان داد که میان میانگین نمرات طلاق هیجانی 65/92 در سطح معنی‌داری 001/0 در گروه آزمایش و گواه تفاوت معنی‌داری وجود دارد. بر پایه یافته‌های این پژوهش می‌توان نتیجه گرفت که آموزش بخشایش درمانگری در کاهش طلاق هیجانی اثربخش است؛ بنابراین، به مشاورین و درمانگران استفاده از روش بخشایش درمانگری در مراکز مشاوره خانواده برای بهبود روابط زناشویی همسران خیانت دیده  پیشنهاد می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Forgiveness Therapy on Emotional Divorce of Betrayed Couple

نویسندگان [English]

  • Malihe Safarpoor 1
  • Babollah Bakhshipour 2
  • Ghodratollah Abbasi 3
1 M.A, Family Counseling, Payame Noor University, Sari Branch, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Counseling, Payame Noor University, Sari Branch, Iran.
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Azad University, Sari Branch, Iran.
چکیده [English]

One of the strategies that can have a special power and learning in family relationships is forgiveness therapy. This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of therapeutic forgiveness on the emotional divorce of the betrayed couple in Neka city. This study was a quasi-experimental design with a pre-test-post-test of the control group with follow-up. The statistical population of this study included all betrayed couples who were referred to counseling and social emergency centers in Neka city, from which 30 couples were selected and randomly included in two experimental and control groups. There were 8 women and 7 men in the experimental group. There were also 8 women and 7 men in the control group. Participants completed the Emotional Divorce Questionnaire Gottman,  Gottman, and Silver (1995)  in 3 sessions (pre-test, post-test, and follow-up). The experimental group was given 7 sessions of forgiveness-therapy training for 120 minutes (one session per week) and the control group did not receive any training. The results of the analysis of ANCOVA showed that there was a significant difference between the mean scores of 65/92 emotional divorce at the significance level of 0.001 in the experimental and control groups. Also, in the follow-up 3 months later, there is a significant difference in the variable of emotional divorce 25.721, in the extent of the effect of therapeutic forgiveness on emotional divorce continues. Based on the findings of this study, it can be concluded that forgiveness therapy is effective in reducing emotional divorce. Therefore, counselors and therapists are advised to use the method of pardon therapy in family counseling centers to improve the marital relations of the betrayed couple.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • forgiveness therapy
  • emotional divorce
  • unfaithful
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