هم‌سنجی اثربخشی زوج‌درمانی شناختی-رفتاری و زوج‌درمانی پذیرش و تعهد بر بی‌رمقی زناشویی و تنیدگی پس ضربه‌ای زنان آسیب‌دیده از خیانت زناشویی

نوع مقاله : پژوهش کاربردی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد زاهدان، زاهدان، ایران

2 دانشیارگروه روان شناسی، دانشگاه سیستان وبلوچستان، زاهدان، ایران

3 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد زاهدان، زاهدان، ایران

چکیده

به‌کارگیری مداخلات فراخور برای کاهش اثرات منفی خیانت زناشویی ارج فراوانی دارد. بر این اساس هدف از پژوهش حاضر هم‌سنجی کارایی زوج‌درمانی شناختی رفتاری و زوج‌درمانی  پذیرش و تعهد بر بی‌رمقی زناشویی و تنیدگی پس ضربه‌ای زنان آسیب‌دیده از خیانت زناشویی بود. جامعه آماری این پژوهش دربرگیرنده همه زنان آسیب‌دیده از خیانت زناشویی منطقه غرب تهران در سال 1398 بود که با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند تعداد 45 نفر انتخاب شدند و به‌صورت تصادفی در سه گروه زوج‌درمانی شناختی رفتاری، زوج‌درمانی  پذیرش و تعهد و گروه گواه گمارش شدند. آزمودنی‌های گروه‌ شناختی رفتاری و گروه پذیرش و تعهد هرکدام به‌صورت جداگانه طی دوازده جلسه و یک‌بار در هفته به مدت 90 دقیقه تحت آموزش قرار گرفتند. طی این مدت گروه گواه هیچ مداخله‌ای دریافت نکرد. همه آزمودنی‌ها قبل و بعد از پژوهش به پرسشنامه بی‌رمقی زناشویی ((Pines, 1996  و تنیدگی پس ضربه‌ای (Foa, Riggs, Dancu, & Rothbaum, 1993)  پاسخ دادند. برای تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌ها از روش تحلیل کوواریانس استفاده شد. نتایج تحلیل داده‌ها نشان داد که هر دو درمان تأثیر معناداری بر بی‌رمقی بدنی (64/ 7 ;F=002/ 0P=)، بی‌رمقی هیجانی (07/ 19 ;F=001/ 0P=)، بی‌رمقی روانی (42/ 16 ;F=001/ 0P=) و تنیدگی پس ضربه‌ای (72/ 65 ;F =001/ 0P=) داشتند. همچنین نتایج آزمون تعقیبی بونفرونی نشان داد که تفاوت معنی‌داری بین دو گروه در بی‌رمقی زناشویی وجود نداشت (05/0<p) ولی در تنیدگی پس ضربه‌ای تفاوت دو گروه معنادار بود و نتایج به نفع گروه زوج‌درمانی پذیرش و تعهد بود (05/0p <). بر اساس نتایج حاضر، می‌توان دریافت که زوج‌درمانی شناختی رفتاری و زوج‌درمانی  پذیرش و تعهد بر بی‌رمقی و تنیدگی پس ضربه‌ای زنان آسیب‌دیده از خیانت زناشویی مؤثر است؛ بر این اساس پیشنهاد می‌شود متخصصین مشاوره روان‌شناختی خانواده از این روش‌های زوج‌درمانی برای کاهش اثرات خیانت زناشویی بهره بگیرند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of the Effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavioral Couple Therapy and Acceptance and Commitment Couple Therapy on the Couple Burnout and Post-traumatic Stress of Women Affected by Marital Infidelity

نویسندگان [English]

  • Tachara Roohi Karimi 1
  • Mahmoud Shirazi 2
  • Gholam Reza Sanagouye Moharrer 3
1 Department of psychology, Islamic Azad University, Zahedan branch, Zahedan, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department Of Psychology, University Of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, iran
3 Assistant Professor, Departement of Psychology, Zahedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zahedan, Iran
چکیده [English]

It is important to use appropriate interventions to reduce negative effects of marital Infidelity. Therefore, the aim of this study was to comparison of the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral couple therapy and acceptance and commitment couple therapy on marital burnout and post-traumatic stress in women affected by infidelity. The statistical population of the study consisted of all women affected by infidelity in the west region of Tehran in 2019. Forty-five women selected by purposeful sampling and then randomly assigned to one of the three groups, including the cognitive-behavioral couple therapy group, the acceptance and commitment couple therapy's group, and the control group. Participants in the cognitive-behavioral couple therapy group as well as the acceptance and commitment therapy group received 12 90-minutes weekly sessions of therapy, while the control group received no intervention. All participants completed the marital burnout (Pines, 1996) and the post-traumatic stress questionnaires (Foa, Riggs, Dancu, & Rothbaum, 1993) at pre/post intervention. Data were analyzed using covariance analysis. The results was show that both cognitive-behavioral couple therapy and acceptance and commitment couple therapy had a significant effect on physical burnout (P= 0.002; F=7.64), emotional burnout (P= 0.001; F=19.07), mental burnout (P= 0.001; F=16.42), and post-traumatic stress (P= 0.001; F=65.72). Also, the results of Bonferroni post hoc test showed that there was no significant difference between the two groups in marital burnout (p>0.05), while, in terms of post-traumatic stress, the difference between the two groups was significant and the results were in favor of the acceptance and commitment couple therapy (p < 0.05). According to the results, it can say that cognitive-behavioral couple therapy, and acceptance and commitment couple therapy are effective on marital burnout and post-traumatic stress in women affected by marital infidelity. Therefore, we recommended that family psychological counseling specialists use these couple therapy methods to reduce the effects of marital infidelity.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • marital infidelity
  • Marital Burnout
  • post-traumatic stress
  • Cognitive-Behavioral Couple Therapy
  • acceptance and commitment couple therapy
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