فراهم آوری و ارزیابی اثربخشی دستنامۀ توانگر سازی مشاورین طلاق بر پایۀ آسیب شناسی مشاوره های طلاق در سازش درخواست‌کنندگان طلاق

نوع مقاله : پژوهش ترکیبی؛ کمی و کیفی

نویسندگان

1 دکترای رشته مشاوره دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، ایران.

2 دانشیار گروه مشاوره دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه مشاوره دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی .تهران.ایران.

4 عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

5 گروه روانشناسی دانشکده علوم انسانی دانشگاه زنجان زنجان ایران

چکیده

با افزایش طلاق و پیامدهای منفی بسیار آن، در سال­های اخیر طرح مشاوره طلاق اجباری از سوی دادگستری و با همکاری سازمان بهزیستی برای کاهش تراز طلاق اجرا می­شود؛ ولی اثربخشی مشاوره­ها در افزایش سازش میان زوجین درخواست‌کننده طلاق در حد انتظار نبوده است. پژوهش حاضر با هدف فراهم آوری بسته­ی آموزشی برای مشاورین در راستای افزایش آمار سازش درخواست‌کنندگان طلاق بر پایهٔ آسیب­­شناسی مشاوره­های طلاق به صورت آمیخته انجام گرفت. در بخش کیفی از راهبرد پدیدارشناسی و در بخش کمی از طرح نیمه آزمایشی استفاده شد. جامعه پژوهش در بخش کیفی برای آسیب­شناسی مشاوره­های طلاق، 15 مشاور مجری طرح مشاوره طلاق اجباری در استان زنجان بودند که پس از 9 مصاحبه اشباع مقوله­ها حاصل شد. نمونه پژوهش برای تدوین بسته­ی آموزشی متخصصان حوزه طلاق بودند که پس از 8 مصاحبه اشباع مقوله­ها حاصل شد. تحلیل داده­ها با نرم‌افزار maxqda نشان داد که مشاوره­های طلاق با هفت آسیب جدی «ضعف در مصاحبه تشخیصی، خانواده­درمانی، زوج­درمانی، درمان مراجعان دشوار، سکس­تراپی، مدیریت هیجانات و مصاحبه انگیزشی، و خیانت زناشویی» مواجه بودند. نتایج تحلیل واریانس یک‌طرفه با اندازه­گیری چندباره نشان داد بسته آموزشی تدوین‌شده برای زدایش این آسیب­ها مشاورین را توانمند نمود و سازش میان درخواست‌کنندگان طلاق به گونه معناداری افزایش یافت. بنابراین می­توان نتیجه گرفت ضعف اطلاعات حرفه­ای و علمی مشاورین، فرایند مشاوره طلاق را تحت تاثیر قرارمی­دهد بسته آموزشی طراحی­شده قادر به زدایش این آسیب­هاست و بهزیستی با آموزش مشاورین طبق این بسته آموزشی می­تواند در توانمندسازی مشاورین اقدام نماید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Developing and Evaluating the Effectiveness of the Handbooks for Empowering Divorce Counselors Based on the Divorce Counseling Pathology in Divorce Applicants’ Compromising

نویسندگان [English]

  • Elyas Bigdeli 1
  • Kiiumars Farahbakhsh 2
  • Hossein Salimi Bejestani 3
  • Abdollah Moatamedy 4
  • Tahereh Elahi 5
1 Phd in Counseling, department of counseling, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran.
2 Associator Professor of Counseling. department of counseling, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran(Corresponding Author).
3 Associator Professor of Counseling. department of counseling, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran.
4 Associator Professor of Psychology. department of Psychology, Allameh Tabataba'i University
5 Associator Professor of Psychology. department of Psychology, University Zanjan
چکیده [English]

In recent years, with the increase in divorce, the plan of obligatory divorce counseling implemented by the judiciary and in cooperation with the Welfare Organization to reduce the divorce rate. However, the effectiveness of these counseling has not been as expected. The current study aimed to develop an instructive package for counselors to increase the statistics of divorce applicants’ compromise based on the pathology of divorce counseling in a mixed manner. In the qualitative section, phenomenological strategies used and semi-experimental design used in the quantitative section. The population in the qualitative section for the pathology of divorce counseling was 15 counselors implementing the obligatory divorce-counseling project in the Zanjan province. After nine interviews with them, a saturation of categories obtained. Research compiled for an educational package was divorce experts that after eight interviews with them, a saturation of categories obtained. Data analysis using MAXQDA software showed that divorce counseling faced seven serious problems: “weakness in diagnostic interviews, family therapy, couple therapy, treatment of difficult clients, sex therapy, emotion management and motivational interviews, and marital infidelity.” The results from repeated – measures ANOVA showed that the instructive package developed empowered counselors and the compromise between divorce applicants increased significantly. It is concluded that counselors’ lack of professional and scientific information affects the divorce counseling process, the Designed-training package can repair these injuries and the Welfare organization-training counselors according to this package can take actions to empower counselors.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • counseling pathology
  • Empowering
  • Compromise
  • divorce counseling
  • training package
Aghayi, A. & Atashpor, H. (2018). Traumatic counseling.Tehran: Nashreghatreh Publications. [Persian] [Link]
Ahi, G; Mansourie, A. & Tavanaeia, A. (2019). The effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy of sexual disorders and marital problems on the dynamics of sex relation and sexual attraction in women referred to family court. Research in Clinical Psychology and Counseling, 8(2), 5-22. [Persian] [Link]
Ahmadi, S., Maredpoor, A. & Mahmoodi, A. (2019). Comparison of the effectiveness of narrative therapy early maladaptive schemas, Increasing the quality of life and marital satisfaction in couples divorce Applicant in Shiraz City. , 10(36), 67-85. [Persian] [Link]
Ahmadnia, E., Haseli, A. & Karamat, A. (2017). Therapeutic Interventions Conducted on Improving Women’s Sexual Satisfaction and Function during Reproductive Ages in Iran: A Systematic Review. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci; 27 (153): 146 - 162. [Persian] [Link]
Alikhani, V. (2019). Counseling and psychotherapy.Tehran: Pidar Publications. [Persian][Link]
Aminshayan Jahromi, S., Bagheri, K., Najarpoor, A. & Akbari, R. (2017). The Effect of in-Service Training Courses on Empowerment and Productivity, Managers and Employees. Journal of New Approaches in Educational Administration, 7(28), 131-148. [Persian] [Link]
Asayesh, M H., Farahbakhsh K., Salimi Bajestani H. & Delavar A. (2018). Explanation of Experiences and Emotional Reactions in Women Victims of Infidelity: A Qualitative Study. J Qual Res Health Sci.6 (4): 355- 372. [Persian] [Link]
Baird, K. & Wang, H. (2010). Employee Empowerment: Extent of adoption and influential factors. Personnel Review, 39(5), pp. 577-599. [Link]
Baucom, Donald H. Snyder, Douglas, K. & Gordon, Kristina, C. (2009). Helping couples get past the affair: a clinician's guide. Translated by: A.Mooziri; F. Naderi & B. Sanai.Tehran: Arjmand Publications. [Persian]  [Link]
Chang, J. & Nylund, D. K. (2013). Narrative and solution-focused therapies: A twenty-year retrospective.  Journal of Systemic Therapies,32 (2): 72- 88. [Link]
Chiang, C. F., & Hsieh, T. S. (2012). The impacts of perceived organizational support and psychological empowerment on job performance: The mediating effects of organizational citizenship behavior. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 31:180-190. [Link]
Choupani, M., Sohrabifard, M. M., Mohammadi, F., Esmaeli, N. & Samdifard, A. (2019). The perception of unfaithful men (infidelity) of the causes and factors in preventing Extramarital relations: a qualitative study. JCR; 18 (69):79-105. [Persian] [Link]
DeLongis, A., & Zwicker, A. (2017). Marital satisfaction and divorce in couples in stepfamilies. Current Opinion in Psychology, 13, 158–161. [Link]
Diba Vajari, M., Shafia abadi, A., Esmaeeli, M. & Karami A. (2012). Comparison of the Multicultural Counseling Competencies of Tehran’s counselors with Different Ethnicity in Dimensions of Knowledge, Awareness, and Skill. rph.; 6 (3):40-49. [Persian] [Link]
Ebrahimi, L. (2018). The Effectiveness of Marital Counseling Based on Human Validation Patterns in Reducing Conflict and Increasing Marital Satisfaction of Veterans' Couples. Quarterly Journal of Women and Society, 8(32), 247-264. [Persian] [Link]
Ebrahimi, L. (2016). School Counselors Empowerment Model: A Qualitative. Biannual Journal of Applied Counseling, 5(1), 1-22. [Persian] [Link]
Eskandari, H. & Mirakbari, A. S. (2019). Examining the Effect of Empowerment, Teamwork, and Training on Employee Satisfaction in the Headquarters of the Tehran Social Security Organization. International Journal of Human Resource Studies, [S.l.], v. 9, n. 4, p. Pages 148-167. [Persian] [link]
Ghahari, Sh. (2017). Premarital counseling with problem case. Tehran: Danjeg publication. [Persian] [Link]
Gibson, R. & Lowis, M. (2017). Introduction to counseling and guidance. Translated by Baqir Sanaei. Tehran: Roshd Publications. [Persian] [Link]
Goldenberg, H. & Goldenberg, I. (2013). Family Therapy: An overview. Tehran: RasaPublications. [Persian] [Link]
Jahangirzadeh, E. (2012). Pathology of management consulting services and providing solutions to improve it. Master Thesis in Business Management. The University of Guilan. [Persian] [Link]
Hackney, Harold. L. &  Cormier, S. (2016). The Professional Counselor: A Process Guide to Helping.Publisher: Pearson; 8th edition (January 14). [Link]
Hamidi, O., Ahmadi, S. & Visani, M. (2014). Investigating the Factors Affecting the Formation of Marital Affair: A Delphi Study. Regional Conference on Divorce Pathology, Saqez: Islamic Azad University, Saqez Branch. [Persian] [Link]
Hasani, M., Ghafari, A., Abolghasemi, A. & Taklavi, S. (2019). Effectiveness of Dialectical Behavior Therapy on Cognitive Flexibility, Sense of Continuity and Marital Interactions in the Couples Requesting for Divorce. Journal of Modern Psychological Researches, 14(53), 89-106. [Persian] [Link]
Honarparvaran, N. (2014). The Efficacy of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) on Forgiveness and Marital Adjustment among Women Damaged by Marital Infidelity. Quarterly Journal of Women and Society, 5(19), 135-150. [Persian] [Link]     
Hosseini, A., Godarzi, M., Ahmadyan, H. & Yarahmadi, Y. (2020). Presenting a causal model of divorce in married men referred to counseling centers based on irrelevant communication beliefs and individual differentiation with the mediating role of sexual function and marital frustration.19(87): 361-374. [Persian] [Link]
khaki, A., Farahbakhsh, K., Moatamedi, A., Esmaili, M. & Salimi Bajestani, H. (2017). Develop a multi-dimensional model of couple therapy ecological crisis intervention centers consultants Welfare Organization (qualitative study focusing on reducing the desire to divorce and marital conflict). Counseling Culture and Psychotherapy, 8(30), 25-56. [Persian] [Link]
Iranian Civil Registration Organization. (2019). vital statistics http: //www.sabteahval.ir. [Persian] [Link]
Lusterman, Don-D. (2011). Infidelity ASurvival Guide. Translated by Farzinzad, Zenoozian, and Vajeb Monfared. Tehran: Danjeg publication. [Persian] [Link]
Moradi, O. & Chardali, Sh. (2016). The survey of Effectiveness of couple therapy combining cognitive-behavioral with structural on aspects life’s quality of couples divorced. Quarterly Journal of Counseling research. 15 (57):24-40. [Persian] [Link]
Morgan, D. & Morgan, R. (2009). Single-case research methods for the behavioral and health sciences. Los Angles: Sage Publications Inc. [link]
Negash, S. & Morgan, M. L. (2016). A Family Affair: Examining the Impact of Parental Infidelity on Children Using a Structural Family Therapy Framework.Contemporary Family Therapy: 38, 2, 198-209. [Link]
Nikkhah Delshad, M. & Asayesh, M. H. (2019). Application of Cognitive-Behavioral Counseling Techniques with Emphasis on Positiveness to Improve the Quality of Family Life: A Case Study, 7th Congress of the Iranian Psychological Association, Tehran, Iranian Psychological Association. [Persian] [Link]
Payne, M. (2018). Couple counseling: a practical guide. Translated by Fatemeh Naderi, Arman Salimi Kochi, Morteza Abbasi, Morteza Abbasi. Tehran: Ajomand publication. [Persian] [Link]
Rafale Shirpak. K., Chinichian. M., Eftekhar, H. & Ramezankhani A. (2010). Need assessment: Sexual health education in family planning centers, Tehran, Iran. Payesh Health Monit, 9(3), 251-60. [InPersian]. [Link]
Raheb, G., Latifian, M. & Pasha Sharifi, H. (2017). Qualitative assessment of counseling services in the parent-teacher conference. Quarterly journal of social work.; 6 (2); 14-23. [Persian] [Link]
Sadoughi, L., Salahyan, A. & Nasrolahi, B. (2019). Effect of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy on family functioning and communication patterns of divorce applicant couples. Biannual Journal of Applied Counseling, 9(1), 111-130. [Persian] [Link]  
Sayadi, A. & shafi' abadi, A. (2010). Designing a psychological empowerment program based on Shafiabadi's multilevel career model and comparing its effectiveness with Thomas and Velthouse's cognitive model among high school counselors in Rasht city. Counseling Culture and Psychotherapy, 1(1), 19-48. [Persian] [Link]
Shafiabadi, A. (2016). Educational and Vocational guidance and counseling (concepts and applications).Tehran: Samt Publications. [Persian] [Link]
Shallcross, L. (2011). Taking care of yourself as a counselor. A Publication of the American Counseling Association Counseling Today, 57(3): 71_73. [Link]
Sodani, M., Karimi, S. & Shirali Ni, K. (2017). The effectiveness of counseling with an emphasis on Choice Theory in reducing emotional divorce in couples.family Psychology. 7, Vol. 3, No. 2, 83-92. [Link]
Soudani, M., Karimi, J.,  Mehrabizadeh, M. & Neisi, A. (2012). Effectiveness of emotion-oriented couple therapy on reducing the damage caused by marital infidelity.Journal of Research in Behavioral Sciences. Volume 4, Issue 25: 266-258. [Persian] [Link]
Tindowen, D. J. (2019). Influence of Empowerment on Teachers’ Organizational Behaviors. European Journal of Educational Research, 8(2), 617-631. [link]
Yoosefi, N. (2019). Some of the psychological-communication-family problems of vulnerable families. Semi-annual Journal of Family Pathology, Counseling & Enrichment. [Persian] [Link]
Yoosefi, N., Karimipour, B. & Azizi, A. (2017). Comparing the Effectiveness of Group Counseling Based on Acceptance and Commitment and Solution-Focused Group Counseling on Function of the Families in the Verge of Divorce. Journal of Psychological Studies, 13(3), 95-110. [Persian] [Link]