پیش بینی خوشنودی زناشویی بر پایه الگوهای ارتباطی، سبک های دل‌بستگی و نستوهی روان‌شناختی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه قم، قم، ایران

2 کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی تربیتی، گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه قم، قم، ایران

چکیده

خوشنودی زناشویی برآیند عوامل چندگانه فردی، میان فردی و فرهنگی در پیوند زناشویی است. پژوهش حاضر باهدف پیش­بینی خوشنودی زناشویی بر پایه الگوهای ارتباطی، سبک­های دل‌بستگی و نستوهی روان­شناختی در دانشجویان متأهل دانشگاه کاشان انجام شد. پژوهش توصیفی از نوع همبستگی بود که جامعه آماری شامل دانشجویان متأهل دانشگاه کاشان در سال تحصیلی 97-1396 بود و 217 نفر به روش نمونه­گیری تصادفی خوشه­ای انتخاب شدند. برای گردآوری داده­ها از پرسشنامه­های رضایت زناشویی (1989 Enrich ;)، الگوهای ارتباطی کریستنسن و سالاوی (1984  CPQ ;)، سبک­های دلبستگی کولینز و رید (1990) و نستوهی روان­شناختی کوباسا (1997) استفاده شد. یافته­های همبستگی پژوهش نشان داد که خوشنودی زناشویی با الگوی ارتباطی سازنده متقابل(P≤001; R=0/491) ، سبک­ دل‌بستگی وابستگی (P≤005; R=0/152)، سبک نزدیک بودن(P≤001; R=0/203) ، و نستوهی روان­شناختی (P≤001; R=0/520) رابطه مستقیم و معنادار داشت. از طرفی، همبستگی خوشنودی زناشویی با الگوی ارتباطی اجتناب متقابل (P≤005; R=-0/147) و سبک دل‌بستگی اضطرابی (P≤001; R=-0/403) معکوس و معنادار بود. برآیندهای رگرسیون چند متغیره نشان داد که الگوهای ارتباطی، سبک­های دل‌بستگی و نستوهی روان­شناختی توانایی پیش­بینی خوشنودی زناشویی را داشتند. نرخ همبستگی چندگانه میان الگوهای ارتباطی، سبک­های دل‌بستگی و نستوهی روان­شناختی با خوشنودی زناشویی برابر با 676/0 بود و نرخ تعیین برابر 457/0 به دست آمد. بنابراین، با شناخت و غنی­سازی الگوی ارتباطی سازنده، سبک­های دل‌بستگی و نستوهی روان­شناختی می­توان خوشنودی زناشویی را در زوجین بهبود بخشید.

کلیدواژه‌ها

dor 20.1001.1.22516654.1399.10.1.8.9

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Prediction of Marital Satisfaction Based on Communication Patterns, Attachment Styles and Psychological Hardiness

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sohrab Abdi zarrin 1
  • Maryam Sanei Taheri 2
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Sciences, University of Qom, Qom, Iran
2 M.A in Educatinal Psychology, Department of Educational Sciences, University of Qom, Qom, Iran
چکیده [English]

Marital satisfaction is the result of multiple factors in marriage, which can be individual, interpersonal, and cultural. The purpose of this study was to predict of marital satisfaction based on communication patterns, attachment styles and psychological hardiness of married students of Kashan University. The research method was descriptive and correlation type that statistical population consisted of married students of Kashan University in academic year of 2017-18 and by random cluster sampling 217 samples were selected. Questionnaires were used for collecting data include Enrich marital satisfaction questionnaire (1989), Christensen & Salavi communication patterns questionnaire (CPQ-1984), Collins & Reid attachment style questionnaire (1990), and Kobasa psychological hardiness questionnaire (1979). The results of correlation analysis showed that there was a direct and significant relationship between marital satisfaction with mutual Constructive pattern (R=0/491; P ≤001), dependency attachment style (R=0/152; P ≤005), closeness attachment style (R=0/203; P ≤001), and psychological hardiness (R=0/520; P ≤001). Another side, there was indirect and significant correlation between marital satisfaction with mutual avoidance pattern (R=-0/147; P ≤005), and anxiety attachment style (R=-0/403; P ≤001). The results of multiple regression analysis showed that communication patterns, attachment styles and psychological hardiness could to predict of marital satisfaction. Multiple correlation coefficients between communication patterns, attachment styles, and psychological hardiness with marital satisfaction were 0.676, and the coefficient of determination was 0.457. Therefore, it's possible to improve on marital satisfaction in couples by recognizing and enriching the constructive communication pattern, attachment styles, and psychological hardiness.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • marital satisfaction
  • Communication Patterns
  • attachment styles
  • Psychological Hardiness
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