پیش‌بینی خوشنودی زناشویی بر پایه پختگی هیجانی و نگرش به پیوند زناشویی در زنان و مردان با همسرگیری زودهنگام و بهنجار

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مشاوره، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات تهران، ایران

2 استاد گروه مشاوره، دانشکده روان شناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه مشاوره، دانشکده روان شناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

کامیابی خانواده و روابط زوجی از ازدواج بهنگام و آگاهانه و انتخاب همسر با سنجه‌های درست اثر می‌پذیرد. در این پژوهش بر پایه پختگی هیجانی و نگرش به پیوند زناشویی در زنان و مردان با همسرگیری زودهنگام و بهنجار خوشنودی زناشویی پیش‌بینی‌شده است. با به‌کارگیری روش توصیفی و بهره‌گیری از همبستگی و رگرسیون، یک نمونه 197 نفری زن و مرد متأهل با حداقل 5 و حداکثر 10 سال زندگی مشترک که به صورت در دسترس انتخاب‌شده بودند، موردبررسی نهاده شد. از پرسشنامه­های خوشنودی زناشویی اینرچ (Olson & Fowers, 1989) نگرش به پیوند زناشویی (Bratton and Rozen, 1998) و پختگی هیجانی (Singh and Bahargawa, 1974)برای داده گیری استفاده شد. داده‌ها با استفاده از آزمون‌های تی، همبستگی و رگرسیون تحلیل‌شده‌اند. یافته‌ها نشان می‌دهد که میان سن ازدواج زنان و مردان در دو عامل موردبررسی تفاوت معنی‌داری وجود ندارد P≥ 0/05).) نگرش به پیوند زناشویی و مؤلفه بدبینی در هر چهار گروه موردبررسی خوشنودی زناشویی را پیش‌بینی می‌کنند. با افزایش سن ازدواج در هر چهار گروه نگرش بدبینانه به ازدواج کاهش می­یابد. رویهمرفته می‌توان نتیجه گرفت که با افزایش سن،ازدواج نگرش به پیوند زناشویی در زنان کاهش و واقع‌گرایانه می‌شود، ضمن آنکه استواری هیجانی افزایش می‌یابد. در مردان با افزایش سن ازدواج نگرش به پیوند زناشویی افزایش و نگرش بدبینانه کاهش می‌یابد. افزایش سن ازدواج در هر چهار گروه با کاهش ازدواج سنتی و افزایش ازدواج نوین همراه است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

dor 20.1001.1.22516654.1399.10.1.7.8

عنوان مقاله [English]

Predicting Marital Satisfaction Based on Emotional Maturity and Attitude to Marriage between Men and Women with Early and Normal Age Marriage

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Gholami 1
  • Bager Sanai 2
  • Alireza Kiamanesh 2
  • Kianoosh Zahrakar 3
1 PhD Student Department of counseling, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad university, Tehran, Iran.
2 Professor of Kharazmi University, School of Psychology and Education, Department of Counseling, Tehran, Iran.
3 Associate Professor, Kharazmi University, School of Psychology and Education, Department of Counseling, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Emotional maturity and attitudes toward marriage in men and women have an effect on marital satisfaction and couples relationship. The aim of this study was to predict marital satisfaction based on emotional maturity and attitudes toward marriage in men and women with early and normal age marriage. Using a descriptive method with correlation and regression analysis, a convenience sample of 197 married men and women with a minimum of five and a maximum of 10 years of cohabitation investigated. Data collected by the Enrich Marital Satisfaction Questionnaire (Olson & Fowers, 1989) Attitudes toward Marriage (Bratton and Rozen, 1998) and Emotional Maturity (Singh and Bahargawa, 1974). Data analyzed using the t-test, correlation, and regression. Findings show that there is no significant difference between the ages of marriage of both genders in the two factors studied (P≥ 0.05). Attitudes toward marriage and one of the components (pessimism) in all four groups predict marital satisfaction. Pessimistic attitudes toward marriage decrease with the age of marriage in all four groups. In general, it can be concluded that with increasing the age of marriage, the attitude towards marriage among women decreases, realistic attitudes, and emotional maturity increases. For men by increasing the age of marriage attitude towards marriage and pessimistic attitudes decrease. As the age of marriage of four group's increases, the percentage of traditional marriages increased and modern marriages decreased.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • marriage age
  • marital satisfaction
  • emotional maturity
  • attitude to marriage
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