تدوین مدل ساختاری تعهد زناشویی بر اساس بخشایشگری و خود-تمایزیافتگی با میانجی‌گری صمیمیت زناشویی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مشاوره، واحد سنندج، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، سنندج، ایران

2 گروه مشاوره، واحد سنندج، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، سنندج، ایران

3 استادیار گروه روانپزشکی، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان، سنندج، ایران

4 گروه روانشناسی، واحد سنندج، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، سنندج، ایران

چکیده

برای درک کیفیت و ثبات روابط زناشویی، توجه به تعهد زناشویی به‌اندازۀ رضایت زناشویی اهمیت دارد. پژوهش حاضر با هدف تدوین مدل علی تعهد زناشویی بر اساس بخشودگی و تمایزیافتگی با میانجیگری صمیمیت زناشویی، انجام گرفت. روش پژوهش ازلحاظ ماهیت کمی، ازنظر هدف کاربردی و ازلحاظ شیوه گردآوری داده‌ها همبستگی از نوع تحلیل معادلات ساختاری است. نمونه‌ای به حجم 442 نفر از میان تمامی کارکنان متأهل آموزش‌وپرورش ناحیه 1 و 2 سنندج به‌صورت در دسترس انتخاب شدند. پرسشنامه‌های تعهد زناشویی (Adams & Jones, 1997)، صمیمیت زناشویی (Walker & Thompson, 1983)، خود تمایزیافتگی (Skowron & Schmitt, 2003)  و بخشش(Pollard & Anderson, 1988)  توسط آزمودنی‌ها تکمیل شد. نتایج حاصل از تحلیل معادلات ساختاری نشان داد که بخشش (47/0=β، P≤01/0)، تمایزیافتگی (13/0=β،P ≤ 05/0) و صمیمیت (12/0=β، P ≤ 05/0) بر تعهد زناشویی اثر مستقیم دارند. همچنین بخشش (08/0) و تمایزیافتگی (02/0) با واسطه صمیمیت بر تعهد زناشویی، اثر غیرمستقیم دارد. یافته‌های پژوهش بیانگر برازش مدل مفهومی تعهد زناشویی بر اساس تمایزیافتگی و بخشش با واسطه‌گری صمیمیت زناشویی با مدل تجربی است. درمجموع یافته‌های این پژوهش نشان‌دهنده تأثیر بخشش، تمایزیافتگی و صمیمیت بر تعهد زناشویی است و درنتیجه باوجود تعهد زناشویی زوج علی‎رغم تجربه رویدادهای دردناک همچنان باهم بودنشان را حفظ ‎می‌کنند و با مقید بودن به اعمال و چهارچوب‌هایی خاص به یک هدف عالی مقید می‌باشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

dor 20.1001.1.22516654.1399.10.1.4.5

عنوان مقاله [English]

Developing a Structural Model of Marital Commitment Based on Forgiveness and Self- Differentiation by Mediator Role of Marital Intimacy

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sonbol Moghimi 1
  • Omid Moradi 2
  • Asrin Sayedoshohadaei 3
  • Hamze Ahmadian 4
1 Ph.D. student of counseling, Department of Psychology, Sanandaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj, Iran
2 Department of Counseling, Sanandaj Branch, Islamic Azad university, Sanandaj, Iran
3 Assistant Professor , Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
4 Assistant Professor Department of Psychology, Sanandaj Branch, Islamic Azad University,Sanandaj, Iran
چکیده [English]

To understand the quality and stability of marital relationships, paying attention to marital commitment is as important as marital satisfaction. The purpose of this study was to develop a causal relationship model of marital commitment based on forgiveness and differentiation by mediating marital intimacy. The research method is quantitative in terms of purpose and in terms of collecting data, correlation is a structural equation analysis. A sample of 442 people from all married workers in districts 1 and 2 of Sanandaj was selected as an available sampling. Inventory of marital commitment (Adams and Jones, 1997), marital intimacy (Walker and Thompson, 1983), (Skowron and Smith, 2003), and forgiveness (Pollard and Anderson, 1988) was completed by the subjects. The results of structural equation analysis showed that forgiveness (P ≤ 0/01, β- 0/47), differentiation (P ≤ 0/05, β-0/13), and intimacy (P ≤ 0/05, - β0/12) had a direct effect on marital commitment. Also, forgiveness and differentiation by mediating intimacy. Have an indirect effect on marital commitment. The findings of this study show that the conceptual model of marital commitment based on differentiation and forgiveness by mediating marital intimacy fitted with the experimental model. Overall, the findings of this study show the impact of forgiveness, differentiation, and intimacy on marital commitment, and as a result, despite the marital commitment, couples, despite experiencing painful events, continue together and bound by actions and frameworks. Specific ones are bound to a great purpose.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Marital Commitment
  • forgiveness
  • Differentiation
  • Marital Intimacy
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