The comparing the effects of parent management training and acceptance and commitment based parenting training on mother-child relationship among mothers who have children with externalizing behavior problems

Document Type : Original


1 PhD student, department of counseling, faculty of psychology and education sciences, university of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran,

2 Assistant professor, department of counseling, faculty of psychology and education sciences, university of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.

3 Associate professor, department of counseling, faculty of psychology and education sciences, university of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

4 Associate professor, department of children with special needs, faculty of psychology and education sciences, university of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran


Preschool children have variable levels of behavior problems. Because of continuous parent-child relationship in preschool years, training of appropriate parenting skills to parents have considerable effects on children behavior problems. This study aimed to compare the effects of parent management training and parenting acceptance and commitment therapy on mother-child relationship regarding children´ externalizing behaviors. The research method was semi-experimental with pretest- posttest design and a control group. The population was all the mothers of preschool children with externalizing behavior problems who referred to Rooyesh pendar counseling center in Najafabad city in Isfahan. The sample included 45 mothers who were voluntarily selected and randomly assigned into experimental and control groups. Independent variables were PMT & ACT programs that were held during 10 sessions, as well as the waiting list control group. The instrument was child-parent relationship scale Pianta 1994. Results of the repeated measures variance analysis showed that ACT and PMT respectively have led to reduced scores of dependency (F= 179.2, P=0.000), (F=73.28, P= 0.000) & conflict (F= 347/14, P= 0.000), (F= 94.23, P=0.000) and increased scores of closeness (F=110.36, P= 0.000), (F=63.38, P= 0.000) & positive relation (F=552.96, P=0.000), (F=219.19, P=0.000). There were significant differences between the effects of ACT & PMT on mother-child relationship (P<0.001). The effect sizes of ACT and PMT respectively were: closeness (0.88 & 0.81), dependency (0.92 & 0.84), conflict (0.96 & 0.87) and positive relation (0.97 & 0.94). It could be concluded that ACT & PMT can help mothers to manage their child misbehaviors by improving parenting skills, more positive interactions and less negative parenting behaviors. They also can improve positive mother-child relationship by increasing affiliation and reducing conflict and dependency.


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