Comparison of Sensation Seeking and Family Functioning in Divorced, During Divorce and Normal Individuals

Document Type : Original


1 Associate Professor of counselling, University of Mohaghegh Ardebili, Ardebil, Iran

2 MA in Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardebil, Iran


Purpose: Since family is an important factor in human history and has an eminent role in his individual performance, the aim of this study is to compare sensation seeking and family functioning among divorced, during divorce and non-divorced individuals.
Methods: The method of the present study was Causal-Comparative. The statistical society was comprised of divorced and during divorced inhabitants of Tehran. The study sample included 451 divorced and 421 during divorced individuals, chosen by Stratified relative sampling from different courts of Tehran. Then, 500 people were selected by multi-stage cluster sampling (or matched) as the control group. The participants answered McMaster Family Functioning Assessment and Arndt sensation seeking scale. The data was analyzed by multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) and Scheffe post hoc test.
 Findings: Findings showed that sensation seeking and family function had significant differences, in 0/05 level, in all aspects among divorced, and during divorced and non-divorced subjects. This meant that divorced and during divorced subjects had more sensation seeking and their family functioning were more imbalanced.
Conclusion: The study findings implied that divorced and during divorced subjects had more sensation seeking and lower family functioning. Therefore, sensation seeking serves as a factor that makes a conflict between family executive system and non-socially accepted activities.


Arnett, J. J. (1993). Socialization and adolescent reckless behavior: A reply to Josser. Journal Developmental Review, 12, 391-409.
Asoode. M. H., Khalili, S., Daneshpour, M., & Lavasani, M . (2010). Factors of successful marriage: Accounts from self-described happy Couples. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 5, 2042–2046.
Bancroft, J., Janssen, E., Strong, D., & Carnes. L. (2003). Sexual Risk-Taking in Gay Men: The Relevance of Sexual Arousability, Mood, and Sensation Seeking. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 32(6), 555.
Car, A. (2006). Family therapy: concepts, process and practice. New York: John Wiley.
Cleek, M. & Pearson, T. (1985). Perceived cause divorce: an analysis of interrelationships. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 179-183.
Christensen, A., & Shenk, J. L. (1991). Communication, conflict and psychological distance in no distressed, clinic, and divorcing couples. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 59, 458-463.
Lindsey, E. W., Colwell, M. G., Frabutt, G. M., & MacKinnon-Lewis, C. (2006). Family conflict in divorced and nondivorced families: Potential consequences for boys’ friendship status and friendship quality. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 23(1), 45–63.
Miller, L. W., Ryan, C. E., Keitner, G. I., Bishop, D. S. & Epstein, N. B. (2000). The McMaster approach to families: Theory assessment, treatment and research. Journal of Family Therapy, 22, 168-189.
Vandervalk, I., Spruijt, E. D., Goede, M.D., Meeus, W., & Maas, C. (2004). Marital Status, Marital Process, and Parental Resources in Predicting Adolescents' Emotional Adjustment: A Multilevel Analysis. Journal of family issues, 25(3), 291-317.
Walsh, F. (2003). Family resilience: A framework for clinical practice. Journal Family Process, 42(1), 1-19.
Wolcott, I., & Hughes, J. (1999). Towards understanding the reasons for divorce. Working Paper No. 20. Melbourne: Australian Institute of Family Studies.
Zuckerman, M. (1997). Behavioral expressions and biosocial bases of sensation seeking. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge; New York.
Zuckerman, M., Eysenck, H. J., & Eysenck, S. B. G. (1978). Sensation seeking in England and American: Cross cultural, age and sex comparisons. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 65, 757-768.