Effectiveness of Integrative and Narrative Reminiscence Therapies on Depression Symptoms Reduction of Institutionalized Older Adults in Women

Document Type : Original


Assistant Professor of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Razi University of Kermanshah, Kermanshah, Iran


Introduction: In recent decade, use psychological method in reduction of Symptom
depression within most popular disorder in older age has been spreaded.                         
Objective: Reminiscence therapy is a psychological intervention which is specifically designed to address the issues of particular relevance to older adults such as depression. The aim of this study was to examine the therapeutic effectiveness of integrative and narrative  type of  reminiscence for the treatment of depression in institutionalized older adults women in Kermanshah.                                                             
Method: This study was experimental with a pretest -posttest control group design. institutionalized older adult’s women with mild, moderate to severe symptom constituted the sample. They were randomly assigned into three groups containing two experimental (narrative and integrative reminiscence) and one control group .The intervention were implemented in a short –time group format. Each group 6 sessions were applied. Each session was held 9 minutes weekly. The instrument for collection  the data were Geriatric Depression Scale (GDP) and Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE). The data was analyzed through Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA).
Finding: Analysis of data showed that integrative reminiscence therapies led to significant reduction in symptoms of depression .
Conclusion: Basedonthe findings of this study, it can be concluded that integrative therapy can be applied along with current therapies and in use of narrative reminisce therapy, should be more couscous.


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