Comparison of Attachment and Trust in Couple Relationship in Married People with and without a History of Parental Divorce

Document Type : Original


1 M A of Family Clinical Psychology, Family Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Associate Professor, Family Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.



Background: The collapse of the family is one of the stressful challenges for family members. The important effects are on attachment and trust in children's romantic relationships. Objective: The present study was conducted to compare attachment and trust in couple relationships in married people with and without parental divorce experience. Method: The research method was causal-comparative. The statistical population of the research included all married people with and without parental divorce experience who lived in Iran and had access to the Internet. A sample of 200 participants was selected using the available sampling method. Two groups of married people with (100) and without a history of parental divorce (100) answered Questionnaires of Experiences in Close Relationships Revised by Fraley, Waller, and Brennan 2000, Interpersonal Trust of Rempel and Holmes 1986, the Experiences in Close Relationships-Relationship Structures by Fraley et al. 2011 and short form of Enrich Marital Satisfaction by Suleimanian 1994. The analysis of covariance was used to analyze the data. Marital satisfaction and attachment to parents were recognized as covariate and their effect was controlled in the analysis stage. Findings: The results showed that by considering covariates, a significant difference was reported in the anxiety of attachment and trust in the dimension of faith, but in the avoidance of attachment, trust in the dimension of predictability and trustworthiness, there was not a significant difference in the two groups. Conclusion: Attachment and trust can be affected by the experience of parents' divorce. Based on this, family specialists can take into consideration the findings of the present study to improve attachment and trust.