Qualitative investigation of the role of traumatic family factors in the formation of non-adaptive defense mechanisms of people with borderline personality disorder: a grounded theory study

Document Type : Original


1 Associate Professor Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Ph. D. Student Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Sciences, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.

4 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, East Azerbaijan, Iran.


The aim of the present study was to qualitatively investigate the role of traumatic family factors in the formation of non-adaptive defense mechanisms of people with borderline personality disorder. In order to carry out this qualitative research, 10 people with borderline personality disorder were selected from among the clients of Razi Hospital in Tabriz by purposive sampling until theoretical saturation was reached. These people were diagnosed with borderline personality disorder by hospital psychiatrists. The main method of data collection was semi-structured interviews with open questions. After the implementation, the information obtained from the interviews were analyzed using the Strauss and Corbin model in three stages of open coding, central coding and selective coding. The authenticity and validity of the present research was rooted in the four axes of "believability, transferability, verifiability and reliability". Findings from the interviews with the participants in the field of family injuries and the formation of non-adaptive defense mechanisms using the data theory study of the foundation, in the three main categories of "family traumatic factors", "Childhood injuries" and "non-adaptive defense mechanisms" and several sub-categories were summarized and finally led to the extraction of a paradigm model in the formation of non-adaptive defense mechanisms of people with borderline personality disorder. In general, the results of the present study have shown that traumatic family factors play a role in the formation of non-adaptive defense mechanisms of people with borderline personality disorder.


Main Subjects

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