Explanation of the Process of Formation of Marital Burnout in Women with Addicted Spouses

Document Type : Original


1 Ph.D student in Counseling at Aras International Campus, University of Tehran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Counseling, University of Tehran, Tehran, IRAN


Background: Identifying factors affecting marital burnout and people's awareness of the underlying causes of marital burnout will save couples from confusion and ambiguity and will show them a healthy way of living and a rational attitude. Objective: The present research was conducted to explain the process of formation of marital burnout in women with addicted spouses with a grounded theory approach. Method: The current research was conducted using a qualitative, grounded theory method. In this research, the statistical population included women with an age range of 25-45 years and whose husband was addicted to narcotic drugs (industrial and traditional) in Qorveh City in 2021 and 2022, referring to Niko-Salamt clinic at Qorveh City. The samples were selected by purposeful sampling, the sample volume in this study reached saturation with 17 people, and a semi-structured interview was conducted to collect data. To facilitate the process of coding and analysis, MAXQDA software was used. Findings: Factors influencing the process of formation of marital burnout in women with addicted spouses background factors including individual, psychological, and interpersonal factors; revealing factors including family, personality, and communication factors; sustainable factors including social, cultural, and environmental factors; and aggravating factors including emotional, lifestyle and sexual factors were identified and extracted. Conclusion: Several factors play a role in the formation of marital apathy in women with addicted husbands, and by identifying them in different environments, cultures, and societies, effective measures can be taken to reduce marital burnout and even prevent it. He regulated and compiled about addiction and created the field of public awareness.


Main Subjects

Ardeshiri Lordjani, F., & Sharifi, T. (2018). Effectiveness of positivist psychotherapy on marital forgiveness and burnout in the women damaged by marital betrayal. Family Pathology, Counseling & Enrichment, 4(7), 33-46. https://fpcej.ir/article-1-169-fa.pdf. [Persian]
Arefi, M., & Mohsenzadeh, F. (2012). Prediction of marital satisfaction based on sexual connection and intimacy. Journal of Family Counseling and Psychotherapy,1(7), 43-53. http://ensani.ir/file/download/article/20170522084035-10113-52.pdf. [Persian]
Faraji, J., Sanai, B., & Namvar, H. (2020). A qualitative inquiry of effective factors on marital burnout: A case study of Tehran. Journal of Family Counseling and Psychotherapy, 9(28), 173-194. doi.org/10.34785/J015.2019.007. [Persian]
Farasatkhah, M. (2019). Qualitative research method in social sciences with emphasis on "grounded theory" (grounded theory GTM). Tehran: Agah publishing. [Link].
Firozjaeian, A. A., & Ghadiri, H. (2017). A phenomenological study of reasons for marital infidelity. Iranian Journal of Social Studies, 11(1), 120-144. 20.1001.1.20083653.1396. [Persian]
Ghadampour, E., Yousefvand, L., & Radmehr, P. (2018). The efficacy of training program of relationship enrichment on the perception of self-sacrificing behaviors of one and one's husband and ambiguity tolerance among female students. Journal of Family Counseling and Psychotherapy,7(24), 106-125. https://fcp.uok.ac.ir/article_57711_3088b92df7c0952162589c59fd47bec1.pdf. [Persian]
Heshmati, R., Gharadaghi, A., Jafari, E., & Gholizadehgan, M. (2017). The prediction of marital burnout in couples seeking divorce with awareness of demographic features, mindfulness, and emotional resilience. Journal of Family Counseling and Psychotherapy,7(23), 1-22. 20.1001.1.22516654.1396. [Persian]
Hosseini Birjandi, S. M. (2021). Education and counseling before marriage. Tehran: Avai Noor Publishing. [Link]. [Persian]
Houghton, K., & Salkus-Kiss, C. (2022). Cognitive behavioral therapy. Tehran: Arjmand Publications. [Link].
Islamdoost, S. (2018). Addiction (etiology and treatment). Tehran: Payam Noor Publications. [Link].
Jalalishahkoh, S., Mazaheri, M. A., Kiamanesh, A., & Ahadi, H. (2019). Investigating the Effectiveness of Marital Life Enrichment Education Based on Emotional-focused Therapy on Improvement of Couples' Communicational Patterns. Journal of Counseling Research, 18­(69), 59-78. 10.29252/jcr.18.69.59 . [Persian]
Khodamoradi, M., & Esmaeili, A. (2020). The Effectiveness of Marriage Enrichment Training in Fear of Intimacy and Improving Sexual Function. Journal of Assessment and Research in Counseling and Psychology, 2(1), 85-103.  10.52547/jarcp.1.2.85. [Persian]
Mahmoudpour, A., Shiri, T., Ahmadbokani, S., & Naeimi, E. (2021). Prediction of Marital Burnout Based on Differentiation of Self and Communication Beliefs with Mediation Role of Emotional Regulation in Female Applicants for Divorce. Journal of Family Counseling and Psychotherapy, 10(2), 362-390. 20.1001.1.22516654.1399. [Persian]
Nemati Sogolitappeh, F., & Khaledian (2022). Developing a structural model for marital intimacy through love styles with the mediating role of interpersonal forgiveness. Knowledge and Research in Applied Psychology, https://doi.org/10.30486/jsrp.2021.1891926.2272. [Persian]
Nemati Sogolitappeh, F., & Khaledian, M. (2022). The Qualitative Study of Factors Affecting Relapse to Drug Abuse and Addiction with a Grounded Theory Approach. Research on Addiction, 16 (64), 279-307.
URL: http://etiadpajohi.ir/article-1-2668-fa.html. [Persian]
Nemati Sogolitappeh, F., Salehi, K., Rahimi, F. S., & Khaledian, M. (2021). Components of Quality of Marital Life: A Meta-Composite Study. Journal of Family Counseling and Psychotherapy, 10(29), 45-68. 20.1001.1.22516654.1399. [Persian]
Omidian, M., Rahimian Boogar, I., Najafi, M., & Kaveh, M. (2018). The effectiveness of couples coping enhancement training on improving marital relations. Journal of Counseling Research, 17­(67), 20-40. http://irancounseling.ir/journal/article-1-747-fa.html. [Persian]
Pourkord, M., Gholamrezaei, S., Ghazanfari, F., & Rezaei, F. (2022). Comparing the Effectiveness of Adlerian Lifestyle-Based Therapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, and Compassion Therapy on Substance Abstinence Self-Efficacy and Quality of Life in Opioid-Dependent Individuals. Research on Addiction, 16 (64),145-176. 10.52547/etiadpajohi.16.64.145 . [Persian]
Rahmati, M., Ahmadbarabadi, H., & Heydarnia, A. (2020). Effect of an Indigenous Intervention Program for Strengthening Happiness Experiences on Marital Satisfaction, Marital Intimacy, and Couples' Happiness Experiences. Culture of Counseling Quarterly and Psychotherapy, 11(41), 235-258. [Link]. [Persian]
Razavi, H., Jazayeri, R. S., Ahmadi, S. A., & Etemadi, O. (2019). Comparison of the Effect of Premarital Preparation Program Based on Olson Model and Indigenous Premarital Counseling Package on Problems During Engagement. Journal of Family Research, 15(2), 181-195. [Link]. [Persian]
Roohi Karimi, T., Shirazi, M., & Sanagouye Moharrer, G. R. (2021). Comparison of the Effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavioral Couple Therapy and Acceptance and Commitment Couple Therapy on the Couple Burnout and Post-traumatic Stress of Women Affected by Marital Infidelity. Journal of Family Counseling and Psychotherapy, 10(30), 41-74. https://fcp.uok.ac.ir/article_61914.html?lang=en. [Persian]
Salimi, A., & Davari, M. (2015). Sociology. Qom: Publishing House and University Research School. [Link].
Sarmadi, Y., & Ahmadi, K. B. (2021). The Extent of Injuries Caused by Marital Infidelity. Journal of Family Research, 17(65), 81-98. https://dx.doi.org/10.52547/jfr.17.1.81. [Persian]
Scholl, L., Seth, P., Kariisa, M., Wilson, N., & Baldwin, G. (2019). Drug and opioid-involved overdose deaths — United States, 2013–2017. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 67(5152), 1419–1427. https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/pdfs/mm675152e1-H.pdf.
Seadateeshamir, A., Najmi, M., & Haghshenas Rezaeeyeh, M. (2018). The Effectiveness of Reality Therapy Training on Marital Engagement and Marital Engagement in Married Students at Azad University. Journal of Research in Educational Systems, 12, 653-669. [Link]. [Persian]
Shahmoradi, S., Fatehizadeh, M., Najarpourian, S., & Bai, F. (2018). Family therapy for personality disorders. Tehran: Danje Publications. [Link]
Shahmoradi, S., Nemati Sogolitappeh, F., Zaree Bahramabady, M., & Khaledian, M. (2021). The Effects of Logotherapy on Couple Burnout, Self-Compassion, and Intimacy in Substance-Dependents. MEJDS, 11,54-54.
URL: http://jdisabilstud.org/article-1-1626-fa.html. [Persian]
Strauss, A., & Corbin, J. (1998). Basics of Qualitative Research: Techniques and Procedures for Developing Grounded Theory. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc. DOI: 10.4236/ib.2011.33031.
Torbati, S., Tajik Esmaeili, S., & Khosravi, N. (2020). A Qualitative Study of Adolescent Sexual Education and its Contextual Factors with Emphasis on Interpersonal Relations with a Case Study: High school adolescent girls and boys residing in Tehran. The Journal of sociology studies, 12(45), 77-104. 10.30495/jss.2020.671678. [Persian]
Weibe, S. a., & Johnson, S. M. (2017). creating relationships that foster resilience in emotionally focused therapy. Current Opinion in Psychology, 13, 65–69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.copsyc.2016.05.001.
Yousefi Moridani, M., Fallahian, H., & Mikaeli, N. (2019).The role of marital burnout, marital instability, and cognitive failure in predicting the tendency to divorce in couples. Fpcej,­5­(1), 139-154. 20.1001.1.24234869.1398.   [Persian]
Zahrakar, K., Hezarosi, B., Mohsanzade, F., & Tajikesmaaili, A. (2019). Underlying factors of emotional divorce in socio_ the cultural context of Karaj. Journal of Family Counseling and Psychotherapy, 9(27), 125-142. doi.org/10.34785/J015.2019.019. [Persian]
Zarenezhad, H., Hosini, M. R., & Rahmati, A. (2019). Relationships between sexual assertiveness and sexual dissatisfaction with couple burnout through the mediating role of marital conflict. Journal of Family Counseling and Psychotherapy, 9(27), 197-216. 20.1001.1.22516654.1398. [Persian]