The Role of Dominant Discourses in Family and Educational Environment on The Tendency to Emigrate Abroad

Document Type : Original


1 Faculty of Humanities, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabatabaei University, Tehran, Iran

2 Full Professor, Department of Counseling, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Associate professor, Department of Counseling, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran.


Background: The discourse in the family and academic environment is effective in persuading immigration. Objective: The present study was conducted with the aim of what discourses in the family and educational environment influence the formation of the desire to migrate. Method: This study was conducted using a qualitative method using the structuralist grounded theory. The statistical population in this research includes all people aged 19 to 38 with the desire to migrate, among these people, purposeful sampling and semi-structured interviews were conducted. Finally, with the number of 12 participants (8 women and 4 men), the interviews reached saturation, and 7 of them were interviewed face-to-face in the university environment and the participant's home, and five people were interviewed online. the data was extracted by coding in three stages: open coding, central coding, and selective coding, a total of 34 concepts related to the impact of discourses in the family and educational environment were extracted. Findings: This was categorized in the form of 11 central concepts, and finally three general areas of macro-contextual discourse, intermediate contextual discourses, and micro-contextual discourses were classified. Factors related to macro-contextual discourse include mass media advertising, intermediate contextual factors including weak scientific structures, inappropriate political and religious atmosphere, social problems, lack of justice, lack of facilities and encouragement and persuasion of those around and factors related to The underlying discourse of wisdom included the discourse of despair and loss of life, the discourse of the importance of personal progress and growth, the discourse of psychological insecurity, and the discourse of search and new experiences. Conclusion: The results showed that discourses in the family and educational environment play an important role in changing the beliefs and values ​​of individuals. And these effects, whether consciously or unconsciously, increase the desire to migrate.


Main Subjects

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