Determination of Effective Factor on Marital Satisfaction in the Satisfied Couples: A Grounded Theory Study

Document Type : Original


1 Ph. D. Student in Counseling, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Associate Professor, Department of Counseling, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran.


Background: Since marital satisfaction affects mental and physical health, life satisfaction, job success, and social communication, it seems necessary to recognize the Effective Factor on the couple's marital satisfaction. Objective: The current study aims to identify effective factors for marital satisfaction. Method: The study method is based on grounded theory. The study population was satisfied couples in Mashhad in 2019. This grounded theory study was qualitative, so the population number is equal to the participation in this study. Based on the theoretical saturation criterion, 10 couples (20 women and men married together) were selected by purposeful sampling. A semi-structured interview and marital satisfaction questionnaire (Oliya, Fatehizadeh, & Bahram, 2008) were used for data collection. The axial coding method was used to analyze the data collected from the interviews (Strauss & Corbin, 2011). Based on the result of the interviews, the model of satisfied couples was developed and Its validity was reviewed and confirmed by ten professionals in the field of family counseling. Findings: The results indicate that the contextual factors in satisfying couples include two factors: the health of the family of origin and efficient individual characteristics; while causal factors include informed choice as well as informed marriage, and intervention factors include the development of economic assets and economic bankruptcy. There were four categories of strategies including an individual strategy for personal development, strategies for strengthening couples' relationships, strategies for strengthening the relationship with the family of origin, and strategies carried out by families for strengthening couples' relationships. Conclusion: According to the findings of this grounded theory study psycho-educational manual can be prepared and used to improve marital satisfaction.


Abdi Zarrin, S., & Sanei Taheri, M. (2020). The Prediction of Marital Satisfaction Based on Communication Patterns, Attachment Styles and Psychological Hardiness. Family Counseling and Psychotherapy, 10(1), 179-208. [Persian].
 Arianfar, N., & Rasouli, R. (2019). Structural Equation Modeling of the Predicting Marital Satisfaction on The Health of the main Family and The Mediatory Variable of Lovemaking Styles. Journal of Women and family studies,7(13),139-157. [Persian].
Bedair, K., Hamza, E. A., & Gladding, S. T. (2020). Attachment Style, Marital Satisfaction, and Mutual Support Attachment Style in Qatar. The Family Journal, 28(3), 329-336.
Besharat M. A., Hoshmand S.N., Rezazadeh S. R., & Gholam Ali Lavasani M. J.) 2015). predicting children's marital satisfaction in terms of parenting styles. Rooyesh,4 (3), 51-60.
  Bijari, H., Sepehri Shamloo, Z., Mahram, B., & Sadeghi, M. S. (2020). Spouse Selection Criteria through the Perspective of Satisfied Individuals with Marriage during their Engagement Period: A Qualitative Study. Journal Of Social Sciences, 16(2), 41-76.‏
Bullock, A., & Williams, L. (2019). Predicting Canadian Armed Forces service couples’ marital satisfaction: roles of financial well-being and financial strain. Journal of Military, Veteran and Family Health, 5(S1), 63-70.
Cai, L., Wang, S., & Zhang, Y. (2020). Vacation travel, marital satisfaction, and subjective wellbeing: a Chinese perspective. Journal of China Tourism Research, 16(1), 118-139.
Cardoso, B. L. A., & Costa, N. (2019). Marital social skills and marital satisfaction of women in situations of violence. Psycho-USF, 24(2), 299-310
  Ghorbani, F., Parafkand, B., Heydari, I., Almardani Soomeh, S., & Haghighi Maher, V. (2019). Comparison of sexual satisfaction and psychological well-being in women seeking divorce and normal. Journal of Psychological Development, 8 (7), 38-29. [Persian]
 Grover, S., & Helliwell, J. F. (2019). How’s life at home? New evidence on marriage and the set point for happiness. Journal of Happiness Studies, 20(2), 373–390.
Hatami Varzaneh, A, Esaeily, M., & Borjali, A. (2017). Long-term satisfied marriage model: a grounded theory study. Family Counseling and Psychotherapy, 6 (1), 120-149.
 Heratian, A., Janbozorgi, M., Salarifar, M., & Rasoulzadeh Tabatabai, S. K. (2020). Determination Factors of Marital Stability in Iranian-Islamic Society: A Hybrid Approach. Islamic. Journal of Women and Family, 8 (3), 75-94.
Jahandost Dalnjan, S., Aladdini, Z., & Barati, H. (2020). The role of successful intelligence and emotional empathy in marital satisfaction considering the moderating role of age. Culture of Counseling and Psychotherapy, 11 (41), 139-156.
Jung, S. Y. (2019). The Relationship between the Covert Narcissism and Marital Satisfaction of Korean-Americans: The Mediating Effects of Forgiveness and Empathy. The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, 19(8), 412-426.
Kappen, G., Karremans, J. C., & Burk, W. J. (2019). Effects of a short online mindfulness intervention on relationship satisfaction and partner acceptance: The moderating role of trait mindfulness. Mindfulness, 10(10), 2186-2199.
‏Karney, B. R., & Bradbury, T. N. (2020). Research on Marital Satisfaction and Stability in the 2010s: Challenging Conventional Wisdom. Journal of Marriage and Family, 82(1), 100-116.
Kearns, J. N., & Leonard, K. E. (2004). Social networks, structural interdependence, and marital quality over the transition to marriage: A prospective analysis. Journal of Family Psychology, 18(2), 383-395.
Legkauskas, V., & Stankevičienė, D. J. S. R. (2009). Premarital sex and marital satisfaction of middle-aged men and women: a study of married Lithuanian couples. Sex Roles, 60(1), 21-32.
Li, T., & Fung, H. H. (2011). The dynamic goal theory of marital satisfaction. Review of General Psychology, 15(3), 246-254.
Moghimi, S., Moradi, O., Sayedoshohadaei, A., & Ahmadian, H. (2020). Developing a Structural Model of Marital Commitment Based on Forgiveness and Self-Differentiation by Mediator Role of Marital Intimacy. Family Counseling and Psychotherapy, 10(1), 69-90. [Persian].
Namdar, A., Sarabian, S  & Zabihi Hesari, N. (2020). The relationship between emotion control and emotion regulation with marital satisfaction in couples aged 20-45. Journal of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, 62, 614-623. [Persian]. 
Oliya, N., Fatehizadeh, M., & Bahram, F. (2008). The effect of marital life enrichment training on increasing couples intimacy, Family Research Quarterly, 2(6), 119-134. [Persian].
Ostovar, S., Griffiths, M. D., Raeisi, T., & Hashim, I. H. M. (2020). Path Analysis of the Relationship Between Optimism, Humor, Affectivity, and Marital Satisfaction Among Infertile Couples. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 1-15. [Persian].
Otero, M. C., Wells, J. L., Chen, K. H., Brown, C. L., Connelly, D. E., Levenson, R. W., & Fredrickson, B. L. (2020). Behavioral indices of positivity resonance are associated with long-term marital satisfaction. Emotion, 20(7), 1225–1233.
Pak Khasal, A., Saifullahi, S., & Mirzaei, K. (2020) The relationship between loneliness, perceived support, and marital satisfaction with the use of virtual social networks among couples in Tehran. Journal of Strategic Studies of Women (Former Women's Book), 22 (87), 151-173.
Sawai, J. P., Juhari, R., Kahar, R., Ismail, Z., & Sawai, R. P. (2018). Financial strain, financial management practices, marital satisfaction, and marital stability among newlyweds.   Management & Accounting Review (MAR), 17(3), 1-16.
Shirisia, L. K. (2014). Strong marriages in the African American community: How religion contributes to a healthier marriage.
Shokri, A., Shafiabadi, A., & Dukaneei Fard, F. (2021). Structural modeling of ego power with career success and mediation of marital satisfaction and self-esteem. Culture of Counseling and Psychotherapy, 12 (45), 213-238.
Sprecher, S., Wenzel, A., & Harvey, J. (2008). Handbook of relationship initiation. New
 York: Psychology Press.
Strauss, A., & Corbin, J. (2011). Principles of Qualitative Research Methodology: The Basic Theory of Procedures and Methods, Translated by Buick Mohammadi. Third Edition, Tehran: Institute of Humanities and Cultural Studies.
Yoo, J. (2020). Gender role attitude, communication quality, and marital satisfaction among Korean adults. Journal of Family Studies, 1-18
Zare, B., Safiari Jafarabad, H. (1394). Study of the relationship between factors affecting marital satisfaction among married men and women in Tehran. Social Psychological Studies of Women. 13 (1), 111-140.