Developing and Evaluating the Effectiveness of the Handbooks for Empowering Divorce Counselors Based on the Divorce Counseling Pathology in Divorce Applicants’ Compromising

Document Type : Mixed Research; Qualitative and Quantitative


1 Phd in Counseling, department of counseling, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Associator Professor of Counseling. department of counseling, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran(Corresponding Author).

3 Associator Professor of Counseling. department of counseling, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran.

4 Associator Professor of Psychology. department of Psychology, Allameh Tabataba'i University

5 Associator Professor of Psychology. department of Psychology, University of Zanjan


In recent years, with the increase in divorce, the plan of obligatory divorce counseling implemented by the judiciary and in cooperation with the Welfare Organization to reduce the divorce rate. However, the effectiveness of these counseling has not been as expected. The current study aimed to develop an instructive package for counselors to increase the statistics of divorce applicants’ compromise based on the pathology of divorce counseling in a mixed manner. In the qualitative section, phenomenological strategies used and semi-experimental design used in the quantitative section. The population in the qualitative section for the pathology of divorce counseling was 15 counselors implementing the obligatory divorce-counseling project in the Zanjan province. After nine interviews with them, a saturation of categories obtained. Research compiled for an educational package was divorce experts that after eight interviews with them, a saturation of categories obtained. Data analysis using MAXQDA software showed that divorce counseling faced seven serious problems: “weakness in diagnostic interviews, family therapy, couple therapy, treatment of difficult clients, sex therapy, emotion management and motivational interviews, and marital infidelity.” The results from repeated – measures ANOVA showed that the instructive package developed empowered counselors and the compromise between divorce applicants increased significantly. It is concluded that counselors’ lack of professional and scientific information affects the divorce counseling process, the Designed-training package can repair these injuries and the Welfare organization-training counselors according to this package can take actions to empower counselors.


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