Underlying factors of emotional divorce in socio_ cultural context of Karaj

Document Type : Original


1 PhD in family counseling, Department of Counseling, Kharazmi university of Karaj , Iran

2 Ph.D. Candidate in, couseling, Department of, counseling Kharazmi University.

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Counseling, kharazmi University of Karaj, Iran



Emotional relationship is the most fundamental factor in marital relationship and the most destructive relationship is a close relationship that is devoid of intimacy and affection. In the present era, the emergence and growth of emotional divorce has disrupted the main function of the family. The purpose of this study was to investigate the causes of emotional divorce in the socio-cultural context of city of Karaj in order to prevent the proliferation of emotional divorce while enriching marital relations. The statistical population consisted of all couples referring to the Razi Counselling Centres in the city of Karaj, on whom Gatman's emotional divorce test was performed. Twenty people were selected using the Fundamentals Data Theory Methodology and Targeted Sampling, and the interviews continued until the theoretical saturation was achieved. Using semi-structured interviewing tools, the data were collected and in order to identify the factors and analyse the data the "encoding concepts and shaping a theory" of Strauss and Carbine was utilized. Analysis of data obtained in open coding led to identifying individual, family, relationship and process-social-cultural factors. The results indicate that "non-care and love-making" is the core pattern of the research findings. According to the findings of this research, advisers and psychologists who are engaged in professional marriage counselling services are advised to focus on the underlying factors that are presented in this article, and teach to the couple's skill and the art of caring for love (respect, trust, admission, honesty, loyalty, commitment and support).


Amato,P.R, & Previti. (2003). People’s Reasons for Divorcing:Gender, Social Class, the Life Course, and Adjustment. Journal of Family, 24 (3), 602-626. [link]
Are you heading for emotional divorce? (2000, October 24). Retrieved from https://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-5222/Are-heading-emotional-divorce.html. [link]
Arnett, J. J. (2002). Psychology of globalization. America psychologist. 57(10), 774-783. [link]
Bourdieu, P. (1984). Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgments of the Taste. Routledge. [link]
Chistopher, F. S, & Sprecher, S. (2000). Sexuality in marriage, dating, and other relationships. Journal of Marriage and Family, 62, (6) 999-1017. [link]
Dyrenforth, P. S, & Kahsy, D. A, & Donnellan, M. B, & Lucas, R. E. (2010). Predicting relationship and life satisfaction from personality in nationally representative samples from three countries. Journal of personality and social psychology, 99(4),690-702. [link]
Ghalili, Z., Etemadi, O., Ahmadi, S. A., Fatehizadeh, M., & Abedi, M. R. (2012). Marriage readiness criteria among young adults of Isfahan: A qualitative study. Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business, 4, (3), 1076- 1083. [link]
Gottman, J. M, & Levenson, R. W. (2002). The timing of divorce: Predicting when a couple will divorce over a 14-year period. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 62(5), 737-745. [link]
Kang, J. H., Kim, J., & Lee, M. A. (2016). Marital status and mortality: Does family structure in childhood matter? Social Science & Medicine, 23 (159), 152-160. [link]
Kepler, A. (2015). Marital Satisfaction: The Impact of premarital and couples counsling. Master of Social work clinical Research (pp. 474). [link]
Mohammadi,.R, & Alizadeh, K& Sedaghat. M. (2011). Need for cognition and problem solving styles in divorce applicant couples and normal couples. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 30, (4), 894 – 898. [link]
Shakerian, A. Nazari, A. M., Masoomi, M., Ebrahimi, P., & Danai, S. (2014). Inspecting the Relationship between Sexual Satisfaction and Marital Problems of Divorce asking Women in Sanandaj City Family Courts. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 114, 327 – 333. [link]
 Young, M. E, & Long, L. L. (1998). Counseling and Therapy for Couples Pacific Grove.CA: Cole publishing Company. [link]
References (In Persian)
Akhavi Samarin, Z., Zahrakar, K., Mohsenzadeh F., & Ahmadi, K. (2018). An Investigation into the Underlying Factors of Divorce in the Socio-Cultural Context of Tehran: A Qualitative Study. Cultural and Educational Quarterly of Women and Family, 12(40), 105-126. [link]
Danaeifard, H., & Emami M. (2007). Strategies of Qualitative Research: A Reflection on Grounded Theory. Strategic Management Thought, 1(2), 69-97. [link]
Creswell, J. W. (2009). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications. [link]
Ghalili, Z. (2013). Effect of effective conversation and problem solving on marital conflict of married couples in Isfahan. Unpublished Master's dissertation. Isfahan University. Isfahan, Iran. [link]
Khakpour, I., Mohammad Nazari, A., & Zahrakar, K. (2014). The Prediction of marital adjustment based on triangulation and structure of power in a family. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 9(33), 37-46. [link]
Khalajabadi, F., & Shojaei (2014). The attitude of college students in Tehran towards the effect of premarital heterosexual relationships on marital satisfaction. Women's Strategic Studies, 16(61), 149-189. [link]
Khojasteh mehr, R., Mohammadi, A., & Abbaspour, Z. (2017). Grounded Theory of Attitudes toward Marriage: A Qualitative Study. Journal of Qualitative Research in Health Sciences, 6 (3), 343-354. [link]
Mohsenzadeh, F., Nazari, A. M., & Arefi, M. (2012). A qualitative study of factors associated with marital dissatisfaction and filling for divorce. Women's strategic studies, 14(53), 7-42. [link]
Roshani, SH.,Bastani,S.,& Golzari,M. (2010).Emotional Devorce:Causes and Condition of Mediation.Journal of Social Problems,1(3),1-20. [link]
Sadeghi Fasaei, S., & Malekipour, Z. (2014). Gender Analysis of Distance in Marital Relationship: Examples and Contexts Formation. Journal of woman in development and politics, 11(1), 1-28. [link]
Shamaei Koupai, S., & Esmaeili Givi, M. (2014). The paradigmatic model of the jihadi management using the Grounded Theory. Journal of Public Administration Perspective, 3(5), 119-150. [link]
 Schultz, D. P. (1977). Growth Psychology: Models of the healthy personality. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. [link]
 Sotoudeh, H., & Bahari, S. (2008). Family pathology. Tehran: Nedaye Ariana. [link]
Strauss, A., & Corbin, J. (1998). Basics of qualitative research: Grounded theory procedures and techniques. London: SAGE publications. [link]
Zamani, S., Ahadi, H., & Asgari, P. (2015). Relationship of emotional divorce with body image and perfectionism. Quarterly Journal of Psychological Studies, 10(4), 119-136. [link]