مؤلفه‌های کیفیت زندگی زناشویی: یک مطالعه فراترکیب

نوع مقاله : فراترکیب

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه روانشناسی دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

2 استادیار گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

3 دانشجوی دکتری مشاوره پردیس بین‌المللی ارس، دانشگاه تهران

4 مربی گروه روان شناسی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران

چکیده

توجه به ارتقای کیفیت زندگی اصلی مهم در سلامت و بهداشت فرد، خانواده و جامعه است. پژوهش حاضر با هدف ترکیب نتایج مطالعات انجام‌شده دربارۀ مؤلفه‌های کیفیت زندگی زناشویی زوجین انجام شد، بدین منظور از رویکرد کیفی و رویکرد فراترکیب استفاده شد. اسناد مورد مطالعه با استفاده از جستجوی کلیدواژه­های در پیوند با کیفیت زندگی و کیفیت زندگی زناشویی در بازه زمانی میان ساله‌ای 1383 تا 1398 در پایگاه­های داده از جمله پایگاه مرکز اطلاعات علمی جهاد دانشگاهی، بانک اطلاعات نشریات کشور و سیویلیکا گردآوری شد. یافته­ها نشان داد که  با بررسی 50 مقاله از 2069 مقالۀ اولیه 10 بعد  اعم از فردی، خانوادگی و محیطی و 46 مؤلفه را همچون عوامل مؤثر روی کیفیت زندگی زناشویی که در پژوهش­های گوناگون داخلی  شناسایی کرده‌اند. نتیجه­گیری می­شود که بر پایه پژوهش‌های گوناگون عوامل ناهمسان و فراوانی در کیفیت زندگی زوجین نقش دارد که با شناسایی این عوامل می‌توان زمینه بالا بردن کیفیت زندگی را فراهم نمود و همچنین می‌توان کارآموزان مشاوره خانواده را آموزش داد که در امر بالا بردن کیفیت زندگی به شیوه علمی اقدام نمایند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Components of Quality of Marital Life: A Meta-Composite Study

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fatemeh Nemati Sogolitappeh 1
  • Keyvan Salehi 2
  • Fateme Sadat Rahimi 3
  • Mohamad Khaledian 4
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Tabriz, Tabriz,, IRAN
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3 PhD Student Counseling, Department of Psychology, University of Tehran Aras International Campus, Tehran, Iran
4 PhD Student Counseling, Department of Psychology, Payam Noor University, PO BOX 19395 - 3697 Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Attention to improving the quality of marital life is an important issue for the health of the individual, family, and community. The aim of this study was to combine the studies on components of marital quality and marital quality of couples. To this end, qualitative and meta-combined approaches used. The studied documents were collected using the search terms related to the quality of life and quality of marital life in the period between 2004 and 2019 in the Civilica, SID, Magiran databases. The findings suggested that by reviewing 50 articles out of initial articles 2069, 10 dimensions including individual, family, and environmental dimensions and 46 components as effective factors in the marital quality of life were identified in various domestic studies. It is concluded that based on different researches, various factors play a role in the couples' quality of life. Upon identifying these factors, the quality of life can be strengthened and family counselor interns can be trained to improve the quality of life in this way.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • quality of life
  • marital life
  • quality components
  • meta-study
  • meta-composition

Introduction

Family is viewed as the first, most important and most special social institution in the history of human's culture and civilization. Family is a center that must be strengthened and solidified to maintain human dignity and privacy and to meet his physical, mental and spiritual development and perfection. Family cohesion is an undeniable necessity to preserve the cohesion of the society and to provide a healthy environment for human life and perfection (­Olia Zadeh & Raeisi, 2017).  Marriage is one of the most important interpersonal relationships based on which a man and a woman seek to live together as a couple based on a legal, religious and moral principles while striving to achieve a stable life and experience satisfaction during their lives (Kianipour & Aminiha, 2020).

     The quality of marital life has been regarded as a function of a marriage success, and this dimension is currently regarded to be one of the most important predictors for the continuity and stability of marital relationships (Barzegar & Samani, 2016). Studying couple relationships helps structural frameworks to be formed. The quality of marital relationships has a basic role in assessing the overall quality of family relationships as it is a multidimensional concept involving various marital relationship dimensions such as adjustment, satisfaction, happiness, cohesion and commitment (Drakhshan, 2019). Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the dimensions of quality of marital life and the factors affecting it in a meta-composite way and can lead to a deep understanding of quality of life. It can also serve to complement existing theories in this field.

Methodology

The present research was performed with a qualitative approach and via document analysis method using meta-composite method. Meta-composite approach requires the researcher to conduct a thorough and in-depth review and combine the findings of related qualitative research. By investigating the findings of the main research articles, researchers have revealed and created terminologies that suggest a more comprehensive representation of the phenomenon under study­ (Zimmer, 2006). To investigate the objective of this article, researchers have reviewed previous researches in the area of quality of life in Iran and thus, a seven-step method has been suggested by Sandelowski & Barros (2007) as follows:

Step 1: Research question

Step 2: Systematic review of the background

Step 3: Search and selection of appropriate texts

Step 4: Extraction of textual information

Step 5: Analysis and combination of qualitative findings

Step 6: Quality Control

Step 7: Findings

Results and discussion

Table 1.

 Factors constituting quality of marital life

Component

Concept

Personal

Honesty, agreement, interest, love, commitment, hope and motivation, decision making

Interpersonal

Independence, decision-making power, satisfaction, good relationship, speaking skills, attentive listening, avoidance of domination

Environmental

Health care, welfare, amenities, recreation, travel

Economic

Making money, being employed, buying equipment (expectations)

Socio-cultural

Feeling social, helping others, public relations, familiarity with barriers to communication, altruism

Spiritual

Religious beliefs, acceptance of life realities, commitment

Emotional

Intimacy includes physical and sexuality, beauty, expressing love, expressing emotions, impulse control, loving behaviors

Health-somatic

Face changes, physical health, chronic illness

Psychological

Empathy, respect, identification of thoughts and cognitive error, communication patterns, adaptation

Familial

Ignoring the spouse's mistakes, dependence on the wife's family and dependence on the husband's family

Conclusion

This study aimed at determining the components of quality of life and of marriage via meta-composite method. The findings demonstrated that individual, interpersonal, environmental, economic, cultural-social, spiritual-religious, emotional, health - physical, psychological and familial components contribute to the quality of life, marriage, as each of these components involve several concepts that can be recognized to provide a comprehensive understanding to improve the life of couples and to provide a healthy life. Negative interactions between couples have been found to increase the likelihood of divorce by reducing the positive aspects of marriage such as satisfaction, commitment and trust in the relationship (Saeedpoor, Asghari & Sayadi, 2018). Therefore, the strength of the family foundation and the quality of life among couples are always taken into account and the health of society relies on the stability of the family. As a result, the present study was done to determine the role of combining studies on the components of quality of life and marriage of couples. According to the results, one can suggest that several factors are effective in the quality of marital life. Identifying each of these factors plays a role in health and quality of life for an appropriate planning while providing health for the family and the community as a whole.

Contributing authors

In this study, according to the research method, which was meta-composite, all authors contributed to reviewing, collecting, writing, analyzing and summarizing the data.

Funding

This study was performed at the personal expense of the researchers.

Availability of data and materials

Previous research was applied in this study. These articles are easily accessible to researchers through Google, journal archives, and the University Jihad website.

Satisfaction for publication

The authors are completely satisfied with this article being published

Conflict of interest described

The authors express that this research work does not conflict with the interests of any individuals, groups or organizations.

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