تجربه زیسته زنان آسیب دیده از روابط فرازناشویی همسر در شهر سنندج

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه مشاوره خانواده، دانشکده علوم انسانی و اجتماعی، دانشگاه کردستان، سنندج، ایران.

2 استادیار گروه جامعه‌شناسی، دانشکده علوم انسانی و اجتماعی، دانشگاه کردستان، سنندج، ایران

3 کارشناس ارشد مشاوره خانواده، انجمن علمی مشاوره، دانشگاه کردستان، سنندج، ایران

چکیده

رابطۀ زناشویی، یک رابطۀ چندوجهی است که متأثر از عوامل گوناگون و در معرض چالش­های مختلفی قرار دارد که خیانت زناشویی یکی از آسیب­زاترین این چالش­ها است. خیانت، نقض تعهد در رابطۀ دو نفره، توأم با درجاتی از صمیمیت عاطفی و فیزیکی با شخصی غیر از همسر است که می‌تواند رابطه را با نابودی مواجه کند. بر این اساس هدف پژوهش بررسی تجربه­ی زیسته­ی زنان آسیب­دیده از روابط فرازناشویی است. پژوهش به روش کیفی و با راهبرد پدیدارشناسی توصیفی، شیوه تحلیل کلایزی انجام شد. 14 زن آسیب­دیده از روابط فرازناشویی همسر، مراجعه‌کننده به مراکز مشاوره و روان­درمانی در شهر سنندج که به روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند و در دسترس تا حد اشباع نظری انتخاب شدند، مصاحبه­های عمیق و نیمه ساختاریافته انجام شد. نقل‌قول­های مشارکت‌کنندگان جمع­آوری، ثبت، تحلیل و کدگذاری و در قالب مضمون­های اصلی و فرعی طبقه­بندی گردید و نتیجه تحلیل داده­ها سبب دست­یابی به 68 کد اولیه، 13 زیر مضمون و 3 مضمون اصلی شد. سه مضمون اصلی عبارت‌اند از افزایش مشکلات در زندگی، آشفتگی ذهن و نابسامانی در کارکردهای ارتباطی. بر اساس یافته‌های پژوهش، خیانت می­تواند پیامدهای منفی بسیاری بر زنان آسیب‌دیده و البته کل خانواده بگذارد. واکنش به خیانت در زنان مختلف، متفاوت است و آگاهی از تجارب افراد خیانت­دیده و شناخت حالات روانی و انتظارات آنان، این امکان را فراهم می‌کند که با آموزش همسران پیمان­شکن از برخوردهای مخرب با مسئله کاست و با برآورده کردن انتظارات و نیازهای فرد مورد بی­وفایی قرارگرفته، احتمال بهبود او و ماندن در رابطه را افزایش داد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Lived experience of betrayed women in marital relationship in Sanandaj

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ahmad Amani 1
  • Kamal Khaleghpanah 2
  • Asrin Mohamadi 3
1 Associate Professor of Family Counseling, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Kurdestan, sanandaj, iran
2 Assistant Professor of Sociology, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Kurdestan, sanandaj, iran
3 MA of Family Counseling, Scientific Counseling Association, University of Kurdestan, sanandaj, iran
چکیده [English]

Marital relationship is a multifaceted relationship that is influenced by various factors and challenges that marital infidelity is one of the most damaging of these challenges. Infidelity is a breach of commitment in a two-way relationship with a degree of emotional and physical intimacy with a non-spouse that can destroy the relationship. The purpose of this study is to investigate the lived experience of women affected by meta-marital relationships. The research was done by qualitative method and by phenomenological method and Colaizzi analysis. In-depth and semi-structured interviews were conducted with 14 women that selected through purposive sampling affected by meta-marital, referred to two counseling centers in Sanandaj, Participant citations were collected, recorded, analyzed, and coded into major and subcategories. Finally, 68 primary codes, 13 sub-themes, and 3 main themes were obtained. The three main themes include increased life problems, disturbance of mind, and disturbances in communication functions. According to the findings, infidelity can have many negative consequences for women and the whole family. The reaction to infidelity is different in women and knowing the experiences of betrayed individuals and understanding their psychological and expectations states, makes it possible that by training traitorous spouses, reducing destructive encounters  and by fulfilling the expectations and needs of the betrayed spouse,  improving the problem and stays in the relationship

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • women
  • marital infidelity
  • life experience
  • Phenomenology

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