رمان‌های یکپارچه نگر و زوج‌درمانی: هم سنجی اثربخشی رویکردهای یکپارچه نگر، زوج‌درمانی متمرکز بر هیجان و زوج‌درمانی رفتاری یکپارچه نگر بر بخشایشگری زوج‌های دچار تعارض زناشویی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری گروه روانشناسی ، واحد بروجرد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بروجرد، ایران

2 گروه روانشناسی ، دانشگاه لرستان ، خرم آباد، ایران

3 گروه روانشناسی ، واحد بروجرد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ، بروجرد، ایران

4 گروه حرکتی و رفتاری ، واحد بروجرد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ، بروجرد، ایران

چکیده

زوج‌درمانی متمرکز بر هیجان و زوج‌درمانی رفتاری یکپارچه‌نگر از جمله درمان‌های یکپارچه‌نگر هستند که بر چرخه‌های منفی تعاملی پایدار در اثر آسیب‌پذیری هیجانی عمیق توجه دارند. پژوهش حاضر با هدف هم‌سنجی اثربخشی زوج‌درمانی متمرکز بر هیجان و زوج‌درمانی رفتاری یکپارچه‌نگر بر تسهیل بخشش زوج‌های متعارض به انجام رسید. جامعه آماری پژوهش شامل کلیه زوج‌های مراجعه کننده به کلینیک روانشناختی مهرآوران شهر اهواز بود. نمونه پژوهش با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند انتخاب شدند که شامل 6 زوج(12 نفر) از افراد مراجعه کننده به این کلینیک بودند که با توجه به نمره پرسشنامه سازگاری زناشویی جزء زوج‌های پریشان قرار می‌گرفتند. در این پژوهش از طرح تجربی تک‌موردی از نوع خط پایه چندگانه ناهمزمان استفاده شد. پروتکل درمانی زوج‌درمانی متمرکز بر هیجان و زوج‌درمانی رفتاری یکپارچه‌نگر در دو تا چهار مرحله خط پایه، 16 جلسه‌ مداخله 60 دقیقه‌ای و پیگیری دو ماهه اجرا گردید و آزمودنی‌ها به مقیاس بخشش رنجش خاص زناشویی(پالیری، فینچام و رگیالیا،2009) پاسخ دادند. داده‌ها به روش ترسیم دیداری، شاخص تغییر پایا و فرمول درصد بهبودی تحلیل شدند. یافته‌های پژوهش نشان داد زوج‌درمانی متمرکز بر هیجان، نسبت به زوج‌درمانی رفتاری یکپارچه‌نگر در متغیر بخشش کارایی بیشتری داشت. میزان بهبودی در متغیر بخشش در گروه متمرکز بر هیجان در مرحله پس از درمان و پیگیری 14/47 و 94/48 درصد و در گروه رفتاری یکپارچه‌نگر در مرحله پس از درمان و پیگیری 40/35 و 92/35 درصد بود. تبیین یافته‌ها حاکی از این بود که زوج‌درمانی متمرکز بر هیجان نسبت به زوج درمانی رفتاری یکپارچه‌نگر از نظر اندازه تغییر، کلیت و ثبات ارجحیت دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Integrative treatments and couple therapy: Comparison of the effectiveness of integrative approaches, therapy emotionally focused couple therapy and therapy integrative behavioral couple therapy on forgiveness in couples with marital conflict

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fezallah Poursardar 1
  • Masoud Sadeghi 2
  • Cyrus Goodarzi 3
  • Mahdi Roozbehani 4
1 Department of Psychology. Faculty of Humanities. Islamic Azad University Boroujerd, Lorestan
2 Assistant Professor, Depatment of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, lorestan University, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Depatment of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University, Bourjard Branch, Iran
4 Assistant Professor, Depatment of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University, Bourjard Branch, Iran
چکیده [English]

Emotion focused couple Therapy and therapyIntegrative behavioral couple therapy are Integrative treatments that has a focused on the negative cycles of interaction caused from deep emotional vulnerability. The current research administrated aim to Comparison of the Effectiveness of Approaches TherapyEmotionally focused couple therapy and TherapyIntegrative behavioral couple therapy in forgiveness in Couples with marital conflict. The statistical population of the study included all couples referring to Ahvaz city Mehrvaran Psychological Clinic. The research sample was selected using purposeful sampling method, which included 6 couples (12 persons) from the Couples referred to the clinic, which according to the marital adjustment questionnaire score were distributed among the distracted couples. Non-congruent multiple baseline experimental single case study was used as the method of the present study. The emotion focused couple Therapy and TherapyIntegrative behavioral couple therapy Protocol was carried out Two to four stages of the base line of intervention, 16 session treatment of 60 minutes and 2 month follow-up by using the Marital offence-specific Forgiveness Scale(Paleari, Fincham,Regalia,2009) evaluated. Data analyzed with visuals inspection, improvement percentage and reliable change index (RCI) strategies. Results showed that emotion focused couple Therapy efficacy more than TherapyIntegrative behavioral couple therapy on the Forgiveness variables. The rate of improvement of the conflicting couples's emotion focused group in the Forgiveness variable in the post-treatment and follow-up stage was 47.14 and 48.94 and in the Integrative Behavioral group in the post-treatment and follow-up stages of 35.40 and 35.92 percent. The explanation of the findings suggests that emotion focused couple Therapy efficacy more than TherapyIntegrative behavioral couple therapy in Magnitude, Universally and stability of changes.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • conflict
  • forgiveness
  • emotion focused
  • integrative behavioral

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