فراهم‌سازی ارزیابی تراز خودتنظیمی زناشویی در جامعۀ ایرانی: آزمون پایایی، روایی و ساختار عاملی نسخه ایرانی سنجۀ خودتنظیمی رفتاری برای روابط کارآمد در زوج‌ها

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری مشاوره خانواده، استادیار گروه مشاوره، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه کردستان، کردستان، ایران. o.isanejad@uok.ac.ir Phone: +989149193686

2 کارشناس ارشد مشاوره خانواده، گروه مشاوره، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه کردستان، کردستان، ایران

3 کارشناس ارشد مشاوره خانواده، گروه مشاوره، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه کردستان، کردستان، ایران.

چکیده

زوجینی که از خودتنظیمی ارتباطی استفاده می­نمایند، در سنجش با دیگران روابط شاد و باثبات­تری دارند، چه نقش این مؤلفه بسیار برجسته‌تر از مهارت­های ارتباطی دیگر است. هدف پژوهش آزمودن روایی، پایایی و ساختار عاملی سنجه «خودتنظیمی رفتاری برای روابط کارآمد» و بررسی همبستگی آن با کیفیت روابط ­زوجین در نمونه ایرانی بود.جامعۀ آماری پژوهش همه­ زوجین ساکن شهر سنندج است که فرزند آن‌ها در سال تحصیلی 94 -95 در مدارس مقطع دبستان مشغول به تحصیل بودند. با به کار بردن روش نمونه­گیری خوشه­ای تصادفی 832 نفر (416 زوج) از میان والدینی که حاضر به همکاری شدند انتخاب شد. نخست سنجه به زبان فارسی برگردانده شد، برای به دست آوردن تصویر دقیق یک بررسی راهنما روی 40 زوج از جامعه پژوهش اجرا شد. در این بررسی تراز آلفای کرونباخ دو عامل سنجه (خود نظم­بخشی ارتباطی و تکاپوی ارتباطی) به­ترتیب 70/0 و 71/0 به­دست­آمد. در گام­های گردآوری داده­ها ابزارهای سنجه خودتنظیمی رفتاری برای روابط کارآمد، سنجه سازش یافتگی زوجی لاک والاس، آزمون اصلاح‌شده سازش یافتگی زناشویی و پرسشنامه سبک­های عاطفی هافمن به­کار گرفته­شد. با استفاده از تحلیل عاملی تأییدی مدل دوعاملی (خودتنظیمی ارتباطی و تکاپوی ارتباطی) سنجه همانند با ساختار عاملی پیشنهادشده از سوی سازندگان آزمون، تأیید شد. تراز همسانی­درونی به­دست­آمده از عامل خودتنظیمی ارتباطی و عامل تکاپوی ارتباطی با روش آلفای­کرونباخ، گاتمن و دونیمه­سازی اسپیرمن-براون نشانگر بسندگی آن برای سطوح عامل­های یک سنجه بود. برای بررسی بارهای عاملی به تفکیک دو جنس و بررسی ارتباط ابعاد خودتنظیمی ارتباطی میان زوجین مدل ساختاری به کار گرفته شد. برآیندها نشان داد که همبستگی مثبت و معنی­دار میان ابعاد خودتنظیمی رفتاری با ابعاد کیفیت ارتباط و سازش یافتگی زوجی وجود دارد (p<0/01). برآیندهای پژوهش پایستگی ساختار عاملی و روایی و پایایی سنجه را برای ارزیابی خودتنظیمی زناشویی در زوجین ایرانی نشان می­دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Assessment of marital self-regulation in Iranian population: Studying reliability, validity and factor structure of Persian version of Behavioral Self-Regulation for Effective Relationships Scale (BSRERS) in couples

نویسندگان [English]

  • Omid Isanejad 1
  • Elahe Alipour 2
  • safura kalhori 3
1 Ph. D in family counseling, Department of counseling, Faculty of humanistic science, University of Kurdistan, Kurdistan, Iran. Email:
2 M.A in family counseling, Department of counseling, Faculty of humanistic science, University of Kurdistan, Kurdistan, Iran.
3 M.A in family counseling, Department of counseling, Faculty of humanistic science, University of Kurdistan, Kurdistan, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Spouses who use relational self-regulation have happier and more stable relationships than the others and the role of this component is much more important than other relational skills. The purpose of this paper is to study the validity, reliability and factor structure of Persian version of Behavioral Self-Regulation for Effective Relationships Scale (BSRERS) in Iranian couples, by descriptive and correlational method and its relationship with  marital quality’. The participants were all couples living in Sanandaj, whose children were enrolled in elementary schools in the academic year of 2016. Using randomized cluster sampling, 832 people (416 couples) were selected among the parents who were willing to cooperate.  First, the questionnaire was returned in Persian language. To obtain a detailed picture of a guideline study on 40 couples from the research community. In this study, the Cronbach's alpha coefficient was 0.77 and 0.71, respectively for two factors of the questionnaire (relational self-regulation and relational activity). Participants completed BSRERS, Locke-Wallace Short Marital-Adjustment Test (LWSMAT), Revised Dyadic Adjustment Scale (RDAS), and Affective Style Questionnaire (ASQ). Using confirmatory factor analysis of a two-factor model (relationship self-regulation and relational activity), questionnaire was fitted with the two factor structure suggested by scale constructors. The reliability of relational self-regulation factor and relational activities was estimated by Cronbach’s Alpha, Guttmann method and Split-half Spearman-Brown's Split-. In order to study of gender and the relationship of relational self-regulation aspects among couples, a structural model was used. The results showed that there’s a significant relationship between relational activities with the aspects of marital quality (p<0/01). The results show the fitness of factor structure, validity and reliability of BSRERS to assess marital self-regulation among Iranian couples. This questionnaire could be used as an influential tool in self-regulation assessing in marital relations in clinical and consultative or research conditions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Reliability
  • conformatory factor analysis
  • vareliability
  • Validity
  • marital
  • self-regulation
  • behavioral
  • relationships

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