شناسایی عوامل مؤثر در ازدواج‌های پایدار رضایتمند در زنان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مشاوره، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز

2 استاد گروه مشاوره، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه مشاوره، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

چکیده

ازدواج و روابط زناشویی سالم، برای جامعه، افراد و خانواده‌ها فوایدی دارد. پژوهش با هدف شناسایی عوامل ماندگاری ازدواج‌های پایدار رضایتمند و آماده کردن‌ و ساخت‌ سنجه ای بر پایه عوامل ماندگاری ازدواج‌های رضایتمند از دیدگاه زنان متأهل به انجام رسیده است. طرح پژوهش حاضر از نوع همبستگی است. جامعه پژوهش دربرگیرنده همه مادران دانش‌آموزان مقطع متوسطه شهر اهواز بود که دست‌کم 25 سال از زندگی مشترک آن‌ها گذشته و در یک ازدواج پایدار رضایتمند با شوهران خود به سر می‌بردند. از این میان با به‌کارگیری روش تصادفی ساده چهار نمونه برگزیده شد: نمونه نخست برای یافتن عوامل نخست و فراهم کردن سنجه (25 نفر)؛ نمونه دوم برای افزایش پایایی و روایی و به کار بستن مقدماتی (50 نفر)؛ نمونه اصلی به‌منظور انجام تحلیل عامل اکتشافی (239 نفر) و سرانجام برای تحلیل عامل تأییدی (160 نفر) گزینش شدند. داده‌های با بهره‌گیری از مصاحبه نیمه ساختاریافته، سنجه ارزیابی رابطه (RAS) و سنجه پژوهشگر ساخته ازدواج خوشبخت گردآوری و با به‌کارگیری تحلیل عامل اکتشافی و تحلیل عامل تأییدی تحلیل شد. برآمدها نشان داد که 64 ماده در 9 عامل دربرگیرنده شیوه ارتباط و حل تعارض مناسب؛ حمایت، توجه، احترام و قدردانی به یکدیگر؛ ویژگی‌های شخصیتی و مسئولیت‌پذیری؛ صمیمیت و کیفیت رابطه جنسی؛ کیفیت زندگی مشترک و گذراندن وقت و تفریحات؛ همخوانی زوجین و انعطاف‌پذیر بودن؛ تعهد و وفاداری؛ داشتن ارزش‌ها، فرهنگ و تجارب معنوی مشترک؛ و مسائل مالی و شغلی در ازدواج‌های پایدار رضایتمند زنان مؤثر بوده‌اند که روی‌هم‌رفته 60 درصد از واریانس موفقیت در ازدواج را تبیین کردند. درک و شناسایی عوامل مؤثر بر ازدواج‌های پایدار و رضایتمند در زوج‌های موفق، می‌تواند به‌عنوان الگو و مسیری برای زوج‌ها به‌ویژه زوج‌های جوان قلمدادشده و سرانجام به‌سلامت جامعه کمک کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identification of the factors contributing to satisfying stable marriages in women

نویسندگان [English]

  • amin Koraei 1
  • Reza Khojaste Mehr 2
  • Mansour Sodani 3
  • Khaled Aslani 3
1 Ph.D. Student, Ahvaz Shahid Chamran University, Ahwaz, Iran
2 Professor of Consulting, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahwaz, Iran
3 Associate Professor of Consulting, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahwaz, Iran
چکیده [English]

Marriage and healthy marital relationships have benefits for society, individuals and families. This study aimed to identification of the factors ocontributing to satisfying and stable marriages and preparing and developing a scale based on the factors of endurance of the satisfying marriages from rhe viewpoint of the married women. The design of the current study was the correlational method. The population of the study consisted of all mothers of high school students in Ahwaz who their marital life lasted at least 25 years and they were in a satisfying and stable marriage with thir husbands and among them four samples were selected using simple random method: The first sample (25 women) were used to find the primary factors and develop the scale; The second sample (50 subjects) were used to increase the reliability and validity and primary applying; the original sample to carry out confirmatory factor analysis (160 subjects) and Finally, in order to perform an exploratory factor analysis (239 subjects) has been selected. The data were gatheted applying semi-structured interviews, Relationship Assessment Scale (RAS) and researcher made scale Happy Marriage scale and the data were analyzed using Exploratory Factor Analysis and Confirmatory Factor Analysis. The findings of the study indicated that 64 items in 9 factors were influential in women's that these factors explained the overall 60 percent of successful marriages variances including: the appropriate communication styles and conflict resolution; protection, attention, respect and appreciating one another; personality characteristics and responsibility; intimacy and the quality of sex; quality of marital life and spending time and entertainment together; couple congruence and flexibility; commitment and loyalty; shared values, cultural and spiritual experiences; and financial and business issues. Understanding and identification of the factors influencing the satisfying and stable marriages in successful couples can be considered as a model and a direction for couples, especially young couples and will eventually assist to the society health.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Stable Marriage
  • Satisfying Marriage
  • Married Women
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