نقش تعدیل‌کنندۀ محبت جسمی در رابطۀ میان سبک‌های دل‌بستگی با کیفیت زناشویی زنان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه مشاوره، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز

2 کارشناسی ارشد مشاوره خانواده، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز

3 استادیار گروه مشاوره دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز

چکیده

با توجه به اهمیت شناخت متغیرهای تعیین‌کننده و تأثیرگذار بر کیفیت زناشویی، پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی نقش تعدیل‌کنندۀ محبت جسمی در رابطۀ میان سبک‌های دل‌بستگی و کیفیت زناشویی انجام شد. روش این پژوهش توصیفی- مقطعی بود، نمونه پژوهش دربرگیرنده 207 زن متأهل دانشجوی دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز که به روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند. به‌منظور جمع‌آوری اطلاعات از پرسشنامه سبک‌های دل‌بستگی عاشقانه (BSQ)، مقیاس درجه‌بندی رفتار محبت جسمی (PAB- RS) وفهرست کیفیت زناشویی (Q MI) استفاده شد. داده‌های پژوهش با روش همبستگی پیرسون، روش تحلیل رگرسیون خطی مورد تجزیه‌وتحلیل قرار گرفت. یافته‌ها نشان داد که میان سبک دل‌بستگی ایمن با کیفیت زناشویی ارتباط مثبت و معنی‌دار وجود دارد و میان سبک دل‌بستگی اضطرابی و اجتنابی با کیفیت زناشویی ارتباط منفی و معنی‌دار وجود دارد. همچنین نتایج نشان داد محبت جسمی رابطه میان سبک‌های دل‌بستگی ایمن، اضطرابی و اجتنابی با کیفیت زناشویی را تعدیل می‌کند. بر پایۀ یافته‌های این پژوهش، می‌توان نتیجه گرفت که رابطۀ میان سبک‌های دل‌بســـــتگی و کیفیت زناشویی یک رابطۀ خطی ساده نیست و محبت جسمی می‌تواند این رابطه را تعدیل کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The moderator role of physical affection in the relationship between attachment styles with marital quality of women

نویسندگان [English]

  • ABAS AMANELAHIAmanolahi 1
  • Ali Karimzade Naderi 2
  • Khaled Aslni 3
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Counseling, University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
2 MA in Family Counseling, University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Counseling, University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
چکیده [English]

Considering the impact of effective and determining variables on marital quality, the present study examined the moderator role of physical affection in the relationship between attachment styles and marital quality. The cross-sectional survey method used to conduct the present investigation. The sample consisted of 207married women from Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz. They selected through available sampling method. Thus, in order to gather the required data, these instruments used: (1) Romantic Attachment Styles Questionnaire; (2) Physical Affection Behavior-Rating Scale; and (3) Quality of Marriage Index. The following statistical methods also used for analyzing the collected data: (a) Pearson correlation; and (b) Linear Regression Analysis. Results revealed that there is a significant positive relationship between the security attachment styles and marital quality, and a significant negative relationship between anxiety and avoidance attachment styles with marital quality. The results also indicated that physical affection moderate the relationship between secure, anxiety and avoidance attachment with marital quality.Based upon the findings of this study, it can conclude that the relationship between attachment styles and marital quality is not a simple linear one, and physical affection can indeed moderate this kind of relationship.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • security attachment
  • anxiety attachment
  • avoidance attachment
  • physical affection
  • marital quality

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