اثربخشی زوج‌درمانی سیستمی- سازه گرا بر رابطۀ متقابل زناشویی در همسرهای آشفته

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادگروه مشاوره، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز،اهواز،ایران

2 استادیار گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد شیراز

3 استادیار گروه مشاوره،دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز،ایران.

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر اثربخشی زوج‌درمانی سیستمی- سازه گرا بر رابطۀ متقابل زناشویی در همسرهای آشفته بود. از میان همسرهای مراجعه‌کننده به مراکز مشاوره خصوصی و دولتی شهر اهواز با به‌کارگیری از ملاک‌های ورود و خروج و نقطه برش 101 در پرسشنامه سازگاری زوجی اسپانیر چهار زوج به روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند- داوطلب انتخاب شدند. پژوهش حاضر آزمایشی تک موردی از نوع خط پایه چندگانه ناهم‌زمان است. شرکت‌کننده‌ها در مراحل خط پایه، درمان و پیگیری در چند نوبت پرسشنامه رابطۀ متقابل را تکمیل کردند. داده‌ها با به‌کارگیری روش‌های تحلیل دیداری (رسم نمودار)، شاخص تغییر پایا، فرمول درصد بهبودی (درصد افزایش) و مقایسه هنجاری تحلیل شدند. یافته‌ها نشان داد که همسرها در مرحله درمان (22/29%) و پیگیری (62/30%) بهبود را در رابطۀ متقابل نشان دادند. همچنین تحلیل مقایسه هنجاری نشان داد که همسرهای شرکت‌کننده پس از درمان از همسرهای بهنجار قابل‌تمایز نیستند. بر اساس یافتۀ پژوهش زوج‌درمانی سیستمی- سازه گرا می‌تواند رابطۀ متقابل را در همسرهای مراجعه‌کننده به مراکز مشاوره افزایش و آشفتگی آن‌ها را کاهش دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of systemic- constructive couple therapy on mutuality in distressed couples

نویسندگان [English]

  • Gholamreza Rajabi 1
  • Zahra Naderi Nobandegani 2
  • Abbas Amanolahi 3
1 Professor of Consultative Group, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahwaz, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz Branch,Iran
3 Assistant Professor of Consulting, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The aim of this research was to investigate the effect of systemic-constructivist couple therapy on mutuality in distressed couples. The method of sampling was purposive-voluntary, then among couples referring to private and governmental clinics in Ahwaz, 4 couples were selected using include and exclude criteria, and the cut of point in the Spanier dyadic adjustment questionnaire. The study was a Single‐Case Experimental method called non-concurrent multiple baseline design. Then, in several times, couples filled out mutuality questionnaire in treatment and following stages. The data were analyzed using visual analysis, reliable change index, percent improvement formula, and normative comparison. The results showed that the couples experienced improvement in mutuality in treatment (29.22%) and follow-up (30/62%) stages. In addition, normative comparison showed that there was not any different between treatment group and normal group. The systemic-constructivist couple therapy could increase mutuality and decrease distress in the couples referring to clinics.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • mutuality
  • systemic- constructivist couple therapy
  • distressed couples

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