عنوان مقاله [English]
Purpose: Marital satisfaction is crucial for couples. Several factors play roles in this area. Knowing the importance of family, taking into account this issue and underlying factors is worth considering.
Methods: In the present study, reaction to unfairness was investigated among two groups, one with high and the other with low marital satisfaction. A computerized version of a game known as Ultimatum and a scale known as Enrich were employed for measuring reaction to unfairness and marital satisfaction, respectively. Ultimatum game consisted of 45 trials, where in each trial a share (%5-%50) of a certain amount of money (200,000 Iranian Rails, around seven USDs, currently) was proposed to the participants, whose task was either to accept or reject it. They were told that the share in each trial is proposed by a specific person, if you accept it the amount is divided between the proposer and you according to the offer, otherwise you both get nothing. Moreover, they had to rate their satisfaction with the share on a 1-9 scale.
Findings: The results revealed that participants who were high in marital satisfaction, compared to those with lower scores, were more likely going to accept unfair offers. Paradoxically, however, they also were more likely going to reject fair offers. This latter finding may indicate a kind of altruistic punishment, to notify the proposal of the proposers’ overall unfair behavior.
Conclusion: This explanation could be supported by the result of satisfaction rates that showed no difference among the two groups in this regards for the fair offers